Plato

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N. Jayapalan Illustrator: . Comprehensive Study of Plato, Atlantic Publishers & Distributors (P) Ltd 2002 ISBN: 9788126900817

New Hardcover . Plato (428 B.C.-347 B.C.) was one of greatest philosophers in the western philosophical tradition. He was the pupil of Socrates, teacher of Aristotle and founder of the 'Academy'. Central to his teachings is the notion of forms, which are located outside the everyday world, timeless, motionless and absolutely real. Plato's philosophy rejects scientific rationalism in favour of arguments. According to him, mind, not matter, is fundamental and material objects are merely imperfect copies of abstract and eternal 'ideas'. The majority of his works are in dialogue form on topics like metaphysics, ethics & politics. The principal speaker in these works in Socrates. The republic, one of most famous dialogues deals with justice, ideal type of state jurisprudence & the concept of 'Good'. The present book is an excellent companion to Plato's life & philosophy. Plato's views on State, Justice, Communism, Education, Democracy and Foreign Relations etc. are discussed and analysed in detail. It includes comparison between the Republic and the Laws and Plato's Contribution to the History of Political Thought. In the end of the book original text of Republic of Plato and the original text of Plato in the Academy aEUR" Forms and Numbers by A.E. Taylor have been given. A topic on Socrates and a chronological Table depicting the important events that took place during the lifetime of Plato have also been included in the book. Printed Pages: 264. .

[SW: Comprehensive Study of PlatoN. Jayapalan9788126900817]

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MENDELSSOHN, Moses. Phaedon oder über die Unsterblichkeit der Seele, in drey Gesprächen. Karlsruhe, Schmieder, 1780.
One of the ca. 10 editions of one of Mendelssohns most famous books printed during his lifetime. Moses Mendelssohn (1729-1786) was a German Jewish philosopher and a central figure in the Haskalah (i.e., Jewish Enlightenment, in 18th-century Germany) and he is certainly the best known representative today. For some he was the third Moses, the other two being the Biblical lawgiver and Moses Maimonides heralding a new era in the history of the Jewish people. For others, his ideas led towards assimilation, loss of identity for Jews and the dilution of traditional Judaism. He was also the grandfather of the composers Fanny and Felix Mendelssohn Bartholdi. In 1762 Mendelssohn won the prize offered by the Berlin Academy for an essay on the application of mathematical proofs to metaphysics; among the competitors were Thomas Abbt and Immanuel Kant. As a result of his correspondence with Abbt, Mendelssohn resolved to write on the Immortality of the Soul. Materialistic views were at the time rampant and fashionable, and faith in immortality was at a low ebb. At this favourable juncture appeared the <I>Phädon oder über die Unsterblichkeit der Seele</I> (Phädon or On the Immortality of Souls; first edition: Berlin & Stettin, F. Nicolai, 1767). Modelled on Plato's dialogue of the same name , Mendelssohn's work possessed some of the charm of its Greek exemplar and impressed the German world with its beauty and lucidity of style. The Phädon was an immediate success, and besides being often reprinted in German was speedily translated into nearly all the European languages, including English. The author was hailed as the "German Plato," or the "German Socrates". Moses did meet Gotthold Ephraim Lessing in the '70s and became good friends. Mendelsohn served as a model for Lessing's famous <I>Nathan der Weise</I>, published in 1779.In Plato's Phaedo dialogue, Phaedo is asked to relate for him the execution day of Socrates. Phaedo had been present that day with his fellow Athenians. It took some courage to be counted as a friend of Socrates at that point, as then people who oversaw Socrates' execution, and the Persian-controlled "Democratic" party of Athens who organized Socrates trial, would have noted who was prepared to carry on Socrates' work. Plato's sublime treatment of Socrates' life and death, willfully and deliberately created what we today call "classical" culture. By his dialogues, he recruited youth to Socrates' example of truth-seeking behavior, establishing the Platonic Academy that lasted a thousand years. Moses Mendelssohn translated Plato's Phaedo into German, but recast Socrates with the advances that Leibniz had made from Plato's time. As Mendelssohn states, opening up his<B><I> </I></B>Preface:<B><I> </I></B>The following work is written in imitation of the <I>Phaedon</I> of Plato. But the author "has recourse solely to the lights of the moderns, and makes Socrates speak as a philosopher of the eighteenth century".Mendelssohn launched his Phaedon project in the decade before the American Revolution, because European culture, he argued, suffered from the suppression of Gottfried Leibniz's powerful thoughts and works.<B><U> </U></B>Mendelssohn smashed the stranglehold over Leibniz's methods. At the same time, 1765, Mendelssohn's collaborators in Göttingen, Professors<B> </B>R. E. Raspe and Abraham Kaestner, published the first edition of Leibniz's <I>New Essays on Human Understanding, </I>decimating John Locke's feudal notions of man's mind and mission.In Mendelssohn's homeland of Prussia, the ruler, Frederick the Great, suffered from a Voltairean infection of the sophistical and cynical "Enlightenment". In 1759, Voltaire's sophomoric work, <I>Candide </I>had attempted to ridicule Leibniz's graceful development of Plato's notion that the world was bent toward the Good. Mendelssohn's re-working of Plato's<I> Phaedo</I> included specific arguments crafted to devastate such influences.The result was his Phaedon movement, a movement that was at the core of the European support for the American Revolution, and that inspired Mozart, Schiller, and the German classical revival. Plato responded to the unjust execution of Socrates by going beyond his own destiny. Mendelssohn responded to the attempted second burial of Leibniz by taking courage from Socrates, and launching a beautiful pursuit of happiness.This 'modern Socrates' of the German classical period, Mendelssohn, has created a beautiful translation and elaboration of Plato's <I>Phädo</I> leadingto a revolution in thought, and a subsequent renaissance in Germany. The debt of the German classical period to ancient Greece is embodied in Mendelssohn's <I>Phädon</I>, as is the promise of the American Revolution.After the title and preface follows the 'Leben und Character des Socrates' (pp. 1-52), and 'Phädon, oder über de Unsterblichkeit der Seele ('pp. 1-224, both with separate half-titles).
Good copy.- (Some damp staining and usual browning at places, binding rubbed, spine damaged, one leaf from the preliminaries missing? Some of the Karlsruhe editions have 5, some 6 preliminary lvs., all have 224 pp.).
Goedeke IV/1, 488, 8; Graesse IV, p. 485; cf. <I>Gesamtverz. deutschspr. Schrifttums</I>, 94, p. 423.

2 parts in one vol. 8vo. Contemporary half calf, ribbed spine with gilt floral stamp in compartments with two title labels lettered in gold, marbled end-papers, red painted edges. Woodcut vignette on title. (10), 52, 224 pp.

[SW: 18th Century; Literary History; Enlightenment; Germany; *AMERICA; Hebraica, Judaica & Holy Land]

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Bostock, David: Plato's Theaetetus. Clarendon Paperbacks. Oxford: Clarendon Press, 1991. ISBN: 9780198239307
Ein gutes und sauberes Exemplar. - Inhalt: Chronology -- The Theaetetus and the Sophist -- Background: Knowledge and the Forms -- The Meno and Recollection -- Forms as Paradigms -- Forms as Universals -- Forms and Knowledge in the Timaeus -- The Question 'What is Knowledge?' (143d-151d) -- THE THEORY THAT PERCEPTION IS KNOWLEDGE -- Theaetetus and Protagoras (151e-152c) -- Protagoras and Heraclitus (152d-153d) -- A Priori Considerations -- First Statement: 153d-154b -- Second Statement: 155e-157c -- Third Statement: 157e-160a -- Final Statement: 160a-e 3. Comments -- THE REFUTATION OF THE THEORY -- The Refutation of Protagoras (161a-179c) -- The Refutation of Heraclitus (181c-183b) -- The Refutation of Theaetetus (184b-186e) -- Perception and its Objects -- Grasping the 'Common Things' -- The Final Argument (186c7-el2) -- The 'orthodox' interpretation -- Cooper's interpretation -- McDowell's interpretation -- A Comment -- KNOWLEDGE AND BELIEF -- FALSE BELIEF -- First Puzzle: Knowing what one is thinking of (187e-188c) -- Second Puzzle: Believing what is not (188d-189b) -- Return to the First Puzzle: 'Other-Judging' (189c-191a) -- First Solution: The Wax Tablet (191a-196c) -- Second Solution: The Aviary (196c-200c) -- Transition: Knowledge as Requiring an Account (200e-201c) -- TRUE BELIEF WITH AN ACCOUNT -- The Theory of Socrates' Dream (201c-202d) -- The Refutation of Socrates' Dream (202e-206c) -- Three Ways of Taking 'An Account' (206c-210a) -- Lines of Interpretation -- Cornford's Interpretation -- Fine's Interpretation -- White's Interpretation -- EVALUATION: The Coherence of the Theaetetus -- Resolution of Plato's Problem. - Plato's Theaetetus is one of the most: fascinating of all his dialogues. It has the charming style of his early writings, yet the arguments reveal a depth and sophistication which is new. In the Thecetetus, Plato is looking afresh at a problem to which, he now realises, he had earlier given an inadequate answer: the problem of the nature of knowledge. What Plato has to say on this question is of great interest and importance, not only to scholars of Plato, but even to philosophers with wholly contemporary interests. This book is a sustained philosophical analysis and critique of the Theaetetus. David Bostock provides a detailed examination of Plato's arguments and the issues that they raise. He adjudicates on rival interpretations of the text, and looks at the relations between the Theaetetus and other works of Plato. The book does not presuppose any knowledge of Greek. It is accessible to undergraduate philosophers, but also has much to offer the Platonic scholar. (Verlagstext). ISBN 9780198239307

285 S. Originalbroschur.

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S.C. Daniel Illustrator: . Problems from Plato, Regency Publications/Daya Publishing House 2001 ISBN: 9788187498278

New Hardcover . The book consists of most of the author's published articles on Plato, a philosopher who would be of interest not only to Teachers of Indian and Western Philosophy, but should also attract the attention, of, all academics. Plato as a thinker because (may be) of the complexity of his thought, discourages the Student from approaching him. This book makes the subject approachable. It is hoped it will go a long way in reviving the interest in a thinker who is of abiding importance for Philosophical thought. Contents Foreword Acknowledgements Papers Published 1. Introduction 2. Plato Distinction Between Knowledge and Belief 3. Plato Theory of Forms 4. Problems of Predication and Reference in Plato Philosophy of Language 5. Plato Theory of Meaning 6. Plato Cosmology with Special Reference to his Philosophy of Natural Science 7. An Appreciative Analysis of Plato Philosophy of Geography 8. Plato Philosophy of Law 9. Plato Theory of Justice Printed Pages: 103. .

[SW: Problems from PlatoS.C. Daniel9788187498278]

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