Science of Sports Training: How to Plan and Control Training for Peak Performance

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9780940149007: Science of Sports Training: How to Plan and Control Training for Peak Performance

The purpose of athletic training is to achieve the highest possible sports result (for a given individual). Training is efficient if this result is achieved with a minimal expenditure of time and energy. In accordance with the above statements, Science of Sports Training tells the reader how to achieve maximal results with minimum of effort.

The book describes optimal sequence of types of efforts (exercises) in a workout, in a weekly cycle of workouts and in longer periods, and explains physiological basis for these arrangements. It covers all effective methods of developing any physical ability, skill or mental ability and it tells how and when to change the training loads, how to make training plans for any period of time (single workout, week, month, year, several years).

You will learn, during a day and during a workout, when the best time is for technical, speed, strength, endurance, or flexibility exercises; when during a week should you do a given type of a workout; when and how much should you work on any ability or skill during an annual training plan.

The examples, illustrating the principles of training and the methods of controlling it, are taken from sports with which most people are familiar (track and field, swimming, boxing, wrestling, gymnastics, and ball games). Furthermore, these examples are presented in such a way as to make it easy to apply the conclusions to any other sport. For example, the indicators of boxer's good or bad form described in this book apply equally to taekwon-do fighters or kick-boxers. The methods of controlling the training process described in this book do not require complicated equipment or technicians to make this information applicable in training.

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From the Publisher:

This new, second edition, is completely revised and expanded (150 more pages).

From the Author:

I let the table of contents speak for the book:

Table of Contents

PART I
INTRODUCTION TO SPORTS TRAINING

1. Basic Concepts in Sports Training

  • Definitions
  • Classification of Sport Disciplines
  • Methods of Training
  • Types of Exercises
  • Factors Affecting the Ability to Train and Compete
2. Principles of Sports Training
  • The Principle of Conscious Involvement
  • The Principle of Enriching Sensory Images
  • The Principle of Individualization and Accessibility
  • The Principle of Gradual Increase of Loads
  • The Principle of Specialization
  • The Principle of Providing a General and Versatile Foundation for Future Specialization
  • The Principle of Specialization of General Preparation
  • The Principle of Continuity and Systematicness in the Training Process
  • The Principle of the Cyclic Character of the Training Process
  • The Principle of Economy of Effort
3. Cycles in Sports Training
  • Cycles in Life
  • Cycles and Periodization of Training
  • Structure of a Workout
  • Warm-Up
  • Main Part
  • Cool-Down
  • Structure of a Microcycle
  • Types of Microcycles
  • Structure of a Mesocycle
  • Types of Mesocycles
  • Structure of a Macrocycle
  • An Alternative Explanation of Periodization
  • Periods of a Macrocycle
  • Macrocycles in a Yearly Training Plan
  • Olympic Cycle
4. Nutrition
  • Protein
  • Carbohydrate
  • Carbohydrate Loading
  • How to Spare Glycogen
  • How to Replenish Glycogen
  • Carbohydrate, Sweet Foods, and Health
  • Fat
  • Proper Ratios of Macronutrients
  • Vitamins and Minerals
  • Nutritional Supplements
  • Water
  • Not All That's Wet Is Water . . .
  • Soft Drinks
  • Chemicals in the Water
  • Making Weight
  • Eating Before a Workout and a Competition
  • Eating After a Workout and a Competition
  • Evaluating a Nutrition System
5. Natural Means of Recovery
  • Sleep
  • Natural Environment
  • Music
  • Massage
  • Water
  • Means of Recovery in a Macrocycle
PART II
DEVELOPING PHYSICAL ABILITIES

6. Strength
  • Concepts and Types of Strength
  • Strength Training
  • Strength Exercises
  • Properties of Strength Exercises
  • Methods of Strength Training
  • Strength Training vs. Technical Training
  • Strength Exercises in Developing Speed
  • Developing Explosive Strength and Jumping Ability
  • Strength-Endurance
  • Preparation for Strength Training
  • Strength Training for Young Athletes
  • Injury Prevention and Strength Training
  • General Strength Training
  • Directed Strength Training
  • Sport-Specific Strength Training
  • Strength Exercises in a Workout
  • Strength Exercises in a Microcycle
  • Strength Exercises in a Macrocycle
7. Speed
  • Speed Training
  • Properties of Speed Exercises
  • Methods of Developing Speed
  • The Speed Barrier and Methods of Overcoming It
  • Strength Exercises in Speed Training
  • Developing Speed of Reaction
  • General Speed Training
  • Directed Speed Training
  • Sport-Specific Speed Training
  • Speed Exercises in a Workout
  • Speed Exercises in a Microcycle
  • Speed Exercises in a Macrocycle
8. Endurance
  • Factors Affecting Endurance
  • Endurance Training
  • Methods of Endurance Training
  • Special Methods of Increasing Endurance
  • General Endurance Training
  • Directed Endurance Training
  • Sport-Specific Endurance Training
  • Particular Features of Developing Endurance in Team Games and Contact Sports
  • Endurance Exercises in a Workout
  • Endurance Exercises in a Microcycle
  • Endurance Exercises in a Macrocycle
9. Coordination
  • Coordination Training
  • General Coordination Training
  • Directed Coordination Training
  • Sport-Specific Coordination Training
  • Coordination Exercises in a Workout
  • Coordination Exercises in a Microcycle
  • Coordination Exercises in a Macrocycle
10. Agility
  • Agility Training
  • General Agility Training
  • Directed Agility Training
  • Sport-Specific Agility Training
  • Agility Exercises in a Workout
  • Agility Exercises in a Microcycle
  • Agility Exercises in a Macrocycle
11. Flexibility
  • Kinds of Flexibility
  • Flexibility Training
  • Flexibility in Sports
  • Types of Stretching Exercises
  • Injury Prevention and Flexibility
  • General Flexibility Training
  • Directed Flexibility Training
  • Sport-Specific Flexibility Training
  • Flexibility Exercises in a Workout
  • Flexibility Exercises in a Microcycle
  • Flexibility Exercises in a Macrocycle
PART III
DEVELOPING PHYSICAL SKILLS AND MENTAL TOUGHNESS

12. Technique
  • Technical Training
  • Immediate Feedback in Technical Training
  • General Technical Training
  • Directed Technical Training
  • Sport-Specific Technical Training
  • Technical Exercises in a Workout
  • Technical Exercises in a Microcycle
  • Technical Exercises in a Macrocycle
13. Tactics
  • Tactical Training
  • General Tactical Training
  • Directed Tactical Training
  • Sport-Specific Tactical Training
  • Tactical Exercises in a Workout
  • Tactical Exercises in a Microcycle
  • Tactical Exercises in a Macrocycle
14. Developing Mental Toughness
  • General Psychological Training
  • Qualities of Strong Will and Physical Exercises
  • Competitions as a Means of Developing Strong Will
  • Sport-Specific Psychological Training
  • Motivation
  • Prestart States
  • Control of Prestart States and Performance with Mental Training
  • Psychological Training in a Workout
  • Psychological Training in a Microcycle
  • Psychological Training in a Macrocycle
PART IV
PLANNING AND CONTROL OF TRAINING

15. Goals of Training and the Model of a Champion

16. Long-Term Planning
  • Annual Training Plans
17. Control of the Training Process
  • Principles of Control of Sports Training
  • Flaws of Control
  • Training Effects and Their Control
  • Overtraining
  • Stages of Overtraining
  • Treatment for Basedowic Overtraining
  • Treatment for Addisonic Overtraining
  • The Uglier Sibling of Overtraining
  • Control of Planned Loads in a Workout
  • Control of Planned Loads in a Microcycle
  • Control of Planned Loads in a Mesocycle
  • Control of Planned Loads in a Macrocycle
18. Measurements and Tests
  • Basic Physiological Measurements
  • Testing Physical Abilities
  • General Tests of Physical Abilities
  • Energy Fitness
  • Neuromuscular Fitness
  • Sport-Specific Tests of Physical Abilities
  • Testing Technical and Tactical Skills
  • Psychological Tests
BIBLIOGRAPHY

INDEX

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