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As a model for interactions present in the active site of orotidine-5'-monophosphate decarboxylase (ODCase), we investigated the effects of substrate destabilization by a nearby negative charge and stabilization of the carbanion intermediate, due to hydrogen bonds to the carbonyl groups (O-2 and O-4) of orotic acid and its decarboxylation product, using ab initio calculations. Results from these models were comparable with available data, suggesting that the magnitude of the decarboxylation rate enhancement depends on a combination of the charge distance and hydrogen bonding effects. We found that the dipole moment of the proton donor may also play a significant role, implying that the key to the rest of the catalysis lie within the specific interactions of the substrate and the surrounding residues.Biografía del autor:
Diana L. Shem received her B.S in Biochemistry and M.S. in Chemistry from San Francisco State University. She also received a M.A. in Education for Teaching of Chemistry from Stanford University in Palo Alto, California. Her other books include the instructional guide, "Mathematica Tutorial for Physical Chemistry," available for free online.
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