Land des Verkäufers
I. & J. Taylor at the Architectural Library, London, 1796
Rare first edition of Robert Fulton's A Treatise on the Improvement of Canal Navigation. Quarto, bound in full contemporary tree calf with a red morocco spine label lettered in gilt, tooling to the spine, marbled endpapers, all edges marbled. With seventeen engraved plates and an engraved portrait of Fulton tipped in as a frontispiece. From the library of American bibliophile James Lorimer Graham with his armorial bookplate. In very good condition. Housed in a custom full morocco box. American engineer and inventor Robert Fulton is widely credited with developing a commercially successful steamboat which successfully changed river traffic and trade on major American rivers. In 1800, Fulton was commissioned by Napoleon Bonaparte to attempt to design a submarine and produced Nautilus, the first practical submarine in history. "Although reaching out in many directions in an endeavor to solve industrial problems, Fulton's energies were directed chiefly toward the development of canal systems, and one of his most widely used inventions of this period was a dredging-machine, or power shovel, for cutting canal channels. This was for a long time afterward a common machine in England. As his ideas on inland navigation matured, he wrote many essays, pamphlets, and letters upon all phases of the subject matter and sent them to persons who, he felt, could promote their advancement. In 1796 he published A Treatise on the Improvement of Canal Navigation, profusely illustrated by himself and containing drawings of many mechanical designs and even boats to show 'the numerous advantages to be derived from small canals.' He signed himself 'Robert Fulton, Civil Engineer,' which was the first formal announcement of his new occupation. Copies of this treatise were sent to Gen. Washington and the governor of Pennsylvania. It not only dealt with the popular contrivances of canals and the technicalities of his own inventions but also contained complete and accurate computations of all construction and operating costs. It contained, too, much argument and prophecy in regard to the economic and political advantages which would accrue to nations adopting great inland systems of canals" (DAB IV, 69). Artikel-Nr.: 104895.
Lisbon, Na Officina da Casa Litteraria do Arco do Cego, 1800., 1800
4°, nineteenth-century quarter black calf over marbled boards (some rubbing), flat spine with gilt bands and red lettering piece, gilt; marbled endleaves. Fore-edge uncut. Slight soiling on title page. Overall in fine condition. (8 ll.), 114 pp., (1 blank l.), 18 engraved plates [some folding; numbered 1-12, 13a, 13b, 14-17]. *** First edition in Portuguese of Fulton's A Treatise on the Improvement of Canal Navigation, Exhibiting the Numerous Advantages to be Desired from Small Canals, and Boats of Two to Five Feet Wide ., published London, 1796. The Treatise was the first major published work of the celebrated American inventor, engineer, and painter Robert Fulton. Born near Lancaster, Pennsylvania, in 1765, Fulton left for England in 1786, not returning to the United States until 1806. Under the patronage the Duke of Bridgewater, Fulton spent much of his time studying boat propulsion and canal improvements. The latter are documented in the Treatise, where Fulton advocates the development in England of an extensive system of inland waterways, discusses their construction and operating costs, and describes various inventions designed to facilitate canal operation.Fulton's work found favor throughout Europe. It was soon translated into Portuguese with the express wish that its ideas could be exploited both in Portugal and in Brazil. The Tratado faithfully reproduces the elegant plates of the London edition, which were engraved after Fulton's own designs. They depict not only types of canal machinery, but also the proper design of canal boats and of large wooden and cast-iron bridges. The engraver was Inácio José de Freitas, who executed a number of other works at the Arco do Cego.The translator and editor, Antonio Carlos Ribeiro de Andrade Machado da Silva (1773-1845), was born in São Paulo, studied at the Universidade de Coimbra, and returned to Brazil, where he held various government posts. A staunch supporter of Brazilian independence, he was a ringleader of the failed 1817 Pernambuco revolt. The Tratado is one of several works he translated for the Arco do Cego press.This text was published at the Arco do Cego press (officially the Tipografia Chalcografica, Tipoplastica e Literaria, located in Lisbon at the Arco do Cego), established in 1799 at the insistence of D. Rodrigo de Sousa Coutinho, Minister of State, who realized the need to spread information on new techniques in the arts, design, industry and agriculture, as well to disseminate some new scientific, historical and literary works. He proposed to do this by publishing both original works and Portuguese translations of recent foreign works on these subjects. The director of the press was the Franciscan Father José Mariano da Conceição Veloso (1742?-1811), cousin of Joaquim José da Silva Xavier, better known as Tiradentes. Father Veloso a native of Minas Geraes, noted botanist, and author of the celebrated Floræ Fluminensis, and O Fazendeiro do Brasil, among other works, was assisted by a number of young Brazilians living in Lisbon. The Arco do Cego press was well equipped, with its own foundry for making type, its own presses, and its own designers and engravers, two of whom-Romão Eloy and Ferreira Souto-later introduced the art of engraving to Brazil. The press produced a relatively large number of works, but in 1801 it was incorporated into the Regia Oficina Typografica, also known as the Impressão Regia and later as the Imprensa Nacional.*** Lisbon, Biblioteca Nacional, A Casa Literária do Arco do Cego 35. Borba de Moraes (1983) II, 798; Período colonial p. 28. Sacramento Blake I, 128-9. Innocêncio I, 104. JCB Portuguese and Brazilian Books 800/6. Gonçalves Rodrigues, A tradução em Portugal, I, 2229. Cf. Sabin 26201. DAB IV, 68-72. Not in Bosch. Not in Rodrigues. Artikel-Nr.: 39691.
Paris, Dupain-Triel, an VII (1799)., 1799
8vo. XVI, 224 pp. With 1 folding map and 6 folding engravings of technical details. Modern boards, label with gilt lettering. First French edition of the only substantial work ever published by this pioneer of steam navigation, the "Treatise on the Improvement of Canal Navigation". Translated by Récicourt and subtitled in full, "On y a joint des observations sur l'importance des communications navigables, une description détaillée de machines à la faveur desquelles on établirait ces communications à travers les pays les plus montueux, sans le secours des sas d'écluses et des ponts aqueducs; avec des dessins de constructions nouvelles d'aqueducs, et de ponts en bois et en fer". The plates, which are not identical to those in the English edition, show various lifting mechanisms, aqueducts, and bridges. The map is of a proposed canal in France. - Stubs of plates renewed. Old dampstain and traces of worming to lower margin of first few gatherings, professionally repaired. Kress B. 3848. Not in Goldsmiths'. Sabin 26202. Howes F. 418. Artikel-Nr.: 47988.