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World Investment Report 2007 (WIR07) is the seventeenth in a series published by the United Nations Conference on Trade and Development (UNCTAD). The Report analyses the latest trends in foreign direct investment (FDI) and puts a special focus in 2007 on the role of transnational corporations (TNCs) in the extraction of oil, gas, and metal minerals. Higher prices for many minerals have led to renewed investor interest in the extractive industries. TNCs?including some of the world s largest corporations?play a key role in the mining of metals and in the extraction of oil and gas. Privately owned TNCs dominate the harvesting of metal minerals, while State-owned companies from developing and transition economies are key players in oil and gas. Many such State-owned firms are emerging as TNCs in their own right. Drawing on unique data, the Report examines TNC involvement in the extraction of mineral resources and maps the key countries and companies. It also discusses how the forces driving investment change as raw materials progress up the "value chain" to become finished products, and as different types of companies participate. In view of recent discussion of the so-called "resource curse," the Report explores how the participation of TNCs may help or hinder long-term, broad-based economic development in developing countries -- the best approach for reducing poverty and raising living standards. It considers how energy and mineral extraction can help governments achieve such aims. As in previous years, WIR07 presents the latest data on FDI and traces global and regional trends in FDI and in international production by TNCs. Global FDI inflows rose in 2006 for the third consecutive year. This growth was shared by all major country groups: developed countries, developing countries and the transition-economies of South-East Europe and the Commonwealth of Independent States. Rising demand for commodities was reflected in a steep increase in natural resource-related FDI, although the services sector continued to be the dominant recipient of FDI. Among the developing regions, FDI inflows to subregions such as North Africa, sub-Saharan Africa, West Asia, South Asia, East Asia, and South-East Asia were at record levels, as were foreign investment flows to transition economies. CONTENTS IN DETAIL: PREFACE ACKNOWLEDGEMENTS OVERVIEW PART ONE WIDESPREAD GROWTH IN FDI CHAPTER I. GLOBAL TRENDS: SUSTAINED GROWTH IN FDI FLOWS A. FDI AND INTERNATIONAL PRODUCTION 1. Trends in FDI a. Overall trends b. Continued rise in cross-border M&As c. FDI by private equity funds 2. International production 3. Indices of inward FDI performance and potential 4. Developments in FDI policies a. Developments at the national level b. Developments at the international level B. CHANGING PATTERNS OF FDI 1. Geographic patterns 2. Sectoral and industrial distribution of FDI C. THE LARGEST TNCs 1. The world?s 100 largest TNCs 2. The 100 largest TNCs from developing economies 3. Transnationality of the largest TNCs 4. The world?s 50 largest financial TNCs D. PROSPECTS NOTES CHAPTER II. REGIONAL TRENDS INTRODUCTION A. DEVELOPING COUNTRIES 1. Africa34 a. Geographical trends (i) Inward FDI: natural resources drove the surge (ii) Outward FDI hit new heights b. Sectoral trends: primary sector?s share rose c. Policy developments d. Prospects: moderate growth expected in 2007 2. Asia and Oceania a. South, East and South-East Asia (i) Geographical trends (a) Inward FDI: continued shift in favour of South and South-East Asia (b) Outward FDI increased substantially from all subregions (ii) Sectoral trends (a) Inward FDI increased in primary and services sectors (b) Out Printed Pages: 322. Buchnummer des Verkäufers 43644
Titel: World Investment Report 2007: Transnational ...
Verlag: Academic Foundation