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The present volume: Part II of the World Economic and Social Survey 2004 deals with a subject that profoundly affects the economic and social fabric of all nations - international migration. Today, more people live outside their country that at any other time in history, and the number of people who are crossing international borders in search of a new home seems bound to increase. As a result, there is growing awareness in many countries of the impact of migration-which has, as was expected, become a matter of intense policy debate. After all, migration brings with it many complex challenges?including issues of human rights and economic opportunity, of labour shortages and unemployment, of brain drain and brain gain, of muliculturalism and integration, of refugee flows and asylum-seekers, of law enforcement and human trafficking, of human security and national security. The volume provides a comprehensive review of developments in international migration, and of the diverse issues involved. CONTENTS IN DETAIL : Preface Overview Contents Explanatory Notes International Migration I. Migration during 1820-1920, the First Global Century Introduction The economic context of mass migration in the nineteenth century Industrialization and the demand for raw materials The transport revolution and the convergence of prices Greater Atlantic migration during the first global century The migration boom Economic aspects of transatlantic migration Policy and the demise of the North-North mass migration South-South migration in the periphery Government and private assisted migration in the periphery Wage gaps and costs of moving in the nineteenth century periphery The end of assisted migration in the periphery Conclusions II. International migration trends Global trends since 1960 Distribution of international migrants at the country level An analysis of net migration The traditional countries of immigration International migration in Europe Bases for admission and characteristics of migrants in developed countries Labour migration in Asia International migration in Africa International migration in Latin America and the Caribbean International migration in the future Conclusions III. International migration policies Historical trends in immigration policies Countries of permanent migration Labour recruitment states Current trends in immigration policies Overall immigration levels Skilled worker migration Low-skilled migration Family reunification Integration of non-nationals Undocumented migration Regional and subregional harmonization Migration and trade Changing approaches to migration since September 2001 Emigration Policies Conclusions IV. Economic impacts of international migration Impacts on Home Countries Emigration Remittances Impacts on host countries Impact on the labour market Fiscal effects of immigration Conclusions V. Temporary migration and its relation to trade in services Trends in temporary migration International regime for the temporary movement of natural persons in the services sector or the temporary movement of service suppliers Mode 4 under the General Agreement on Trade in Services Current utilization of the channel provided by Mode 4 Enhancing temporary movement under Mode 4 Outsourcing: an alternative way of taking advantage of wage differentials Conclusions Annex: Status of negotiations in the World Trade Organization on Mode 4 of the General Agreement on Trade in Services VI. Social dimensions of international mobility Social networks of mi Printed Pages: 240. Buchnummer des Verkäufers 43673
Titel: World Economic and Social Survey 2004: ...
Verlag: Academic Foundation