Understanding Phonology, Second Edition

Carlos Gussenhoven,Haike Jacobs

Verlag: Hodder Education/Viva Books, 2011
ISBN 10: 0340807350 / ISBN 13: 9780340807354
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Beschreibung:

There are around 6000 languages in the world today. No two of them have the same sound structure, and yet they show striking similarities in their sound systems. Phonology tries to understand the structure behind these systems, and to answer many of the questions posed by language. Why is there so much variation? How can we describe the pronunciation of a language? What do people do when they play language games? Why do loan words often sound so different from their pronunciation in the donor language? Assuming little or no background knowledge, and using original examples and exercises, Understanding Phonology provides an introduction to the basics and presents a comprehensive survey of phonological theory. Starting from a phonological perspective, it gives students a solid understanding of the universal nature of phonological structure, while at the same time conveying a feel for the wide range of variation in the phonologies of individual languages. Using examples from a wide range of languages (including non-Indo-European ones) the book addresses subjects such as distinctive features, feature geometry, the mora, the skeletal tier, the syllable, tone, stress, the phonological word, prosodic phonology, and includes an introduction to the latest theories in phonology, notably Optimality Theory. This improved Second Edition includes answers to all exercises. Contents: The production of speech ? Introduction ? The lungs and the larynx ? The vocal folds: the open and vibrating glottis ? Devoicing and aspiration ? Special types of phonation ? Pitch ? The glottal stop ? The vocal tract ? The pharynx ? The nasal cavity ? The mouth ? Vowels ? Constrictions ? Places of articulation ? Types of constriction ? Segmental duration ? Complex consonants ? Secondary articulations ? Double articulations ? Manner-contour consonants ? Nonpulmonic consonants ? Stress ? Conclusion ? Some typology: sameness and difference ? Introduction ? Morphosyntactic structure ? Morphological structure ? Syntactic structure ? A world without phonological structure ? One phonology for all languages? ? Two kinds of structure ? There?s a difference ? Universals and implicational relations ? Plain or special? ? Avoiding complexity ? A word of caution ? Speech ergonomics ? System gaps ? Conclusion ? Making the form fit ? Introduction ? Hawaiian ? Adjustment processes ? The process of nativization ? Adjustments in the native vocabulary ? Two approaches ? Rules ? Constraints ? Choosing between rules and constraints ? Gradient violation and unranked constraints ? Conclusion ? Underlying and surface representations ? Introduction ? Allophonic variation ? Two levels of representation ? Neutralization ? Choosing the underlying form ? Conclusion ? Distinctive features ? Introduction ? Motivating distinctive features ? Feature values ? A set of distinctive features ? Major-class features ? Laryngeal features ? Manner features ? Ambiguity and nonspecification ? Place features ? Labial ? Coronal ? Dorsal ? Radical ? Some examples ? Redundant vs contrastive features ? Conclusion ? Ordered rules ? Introduction ? SPE representations ? SPE rules ? Reference to the syllable ? The brace ? Variable feature values ? Parentheses ? The transformational rule format ? Linear order ? Extrinsic and intrinsic ordering ? Feeding, counterfeeding, bleeding, counterbleeding ? Feeding order ? Counterfeeding order ? Bleeding order ? Counterbleeding order ? Opacity ? Conclusion ? A case study: the diminutive suffix in Dutch ? Introduction ? General Dutch rules ? Final devoicing ? Palatalization ? Degemination ? Standard Dutch ? The dialect of Sittard ? Conclusion ? Levels of representation ? Introduction ? Defining an intermediate level of representation ? Lexical Phonology ? Reference to morphological labels ? Exceptions ? Structure preservation ? Native-speaker Printed Pages: 296. Buchnummer des Verkäufers

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Inhaltsangabe: The study of phonology is central to courses on language and linguistics. As one of the first volumes in the Understanding Language series, Understanding Phonology has proved to be a popular choice for students both in the UK and overseas.

In this new edition the authors have revised and updated the text in the light of recent research and also as a result of users' comments.

This skilfully written text provides a broad, yet up-to-date, introduction to phonology. Assuming no previous knowledge of phonology or linguistic theory, the authors introduce the basic concepts and build on these progressively, discussing the main theories and illustrating key points with carefully chosen examples. A wide range of phenomena are covered: speech production, segmental contrasts, tone, quantity, prosodic structure, metrical relations and intonation. The main theories, including feature geometry and optimality theory are introduced, and their contributions to our understanding of phonology, as well as their shortcomings, are discussed objectively.

Students will welcome the range of language from which the authors draw their examples and problems, and the originality of the presentations, discussions and examples.

Two corrections to this book should be noted:
Page 249, Q73, Answer 1: HL should read LH.
Page 263, Q123, Answer 2, Line 3: 'amuden' should read 'amumen'.

Über den Autor: Carlos Gussenhoven, University of Nijmegen, the Netherlands
Haike Jacobs, University of Amsterdam, The Netherlands

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Bibliografische Details

Titel: Understanding Phonology, Second Edition
Verlag: Hodder Education/Viva Books
Erscheinungsdatum: 2011
Einband: Softcover
Zustand: New
Auflage: 2nd edition.

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