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Titel: The Statistical Analysis of Compositional ...
Verlag: Chapman & Hall, London
Zustand: Very Good
xv 416p hardback with green laminated boards, excellent copy, without fault, hardly used, this title was published in the series Monographs on Statistics & Applied Probability. Buchnummer des Verkäufers PAB 148197
Inhaltsangabe: This book was originally published in 1986. It is reprinted here with a new foreword, extensive postscript detailing developments in the field since publication and a selection of more recent literature references. A recent excursion on the web in search of "compositional data" produced over 3000 entries within a great variety of disciplines. In agriculture, land use compositions; in archaeology, chemical compositions of ceramics; in developmental biology, shape analysis relating (head, trunk, leg) compositions to height; in economics, household budget patterns; in environometrics, pollutant compositions; in geology, major oxide compositions of rocks and sediment (sand, silt, clay) compositions; in literary studies, sentence compositions; in manufacturing, global car production compositions; in medicine, blood, urine and renal calculi compositions; in ornithology, plumage and artefact colour compositions of the greater bower bird and sea bird time budgets; in palaeontology, zonal pollen compositions; in psephology, US Presidential election voting proportions; in psychology and sociology, time budgets of various groups; in waste disposal studies, waste composition. There can be little doubt that appropriate statistical analysis of such compositions is a requirement of many problems in many disciplines. This book provides a clear and systematic account of statistical methods designed to meet the special needs of the compositional data analyst. From the motivation of a number of practical examples from different disciplines and from a re-examination of the difficulties inherent in the inappropriate standard methods, the author argues that any successful statistical methodology must be based on the simple perception that only the relative magnitudes of the components of a composition matter, not their absolute values. "All along Aitchison motivates his mathematics by showing how it can answer the real questions of scientists . . . An enthralling instance of statistics at the service of modern science." The Times Higher Education Supplement "This book is the definitive work in its area and is likely to be the standard reference for decades to come." Mathematical Reviews "This splendid monograph develops sensible models for distributions on simplexes." Journal of the Royal Statistical Society "It is very well written and provides the only unified approach in existence to the analysis of compositional data." International Statistical Institute
Inhaltsangabe: As long ago as 1897 Karl Pearson, in a now classic paper on spurious correlation, first pointed out dangers that may befall the analyst who attempts to interpret correlations between ratios whose numerators and denominators contain common parts. He thus implied that the analysis of compositional data, with its concentration on relation ships between proportions of some whole, is likely to be fraught with difficulty. History has proved him correct: over the succeeding years and indeed right up to the present day, there has been no other form of data analysis where more confusion has reigned and where more improper and inadequate statistical methods have been applied. The special and intrinsic feature of compositional data is that the proportions of a composition are naturally subject to a unit-sum constraint. For other forms of constrained data, in particular for directional data where there is a unit-length constraint on each direction vector, scientist and statistician alike have readily appre ciated that new statistical methods, appropriate to the special nature of the data, are required; and there now exists an extensive literature on the successful statistical analysis of directional data. It is paradox ical that for compositional data, subject to an apparently simpler constraint, such an appreciation and development have been slower to emerge. In applications the unit-sum constraint has been widely ignored or wished away and inappropriate 'standard' statistical methods, devised for and successfully applied to unconstrained data, have been used with disastrous consequences.
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