Soil and Water Chemistry: An Integrative Approach

Michael E. Essington

Verlag: CRC/CBS Publishers & Didtributors, 2003
ISBN 10: 0849312582 / ISBN 13: 9780849312588
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Beschreibung:

Traditionally the study of chemical principles as they relate to soil has been limited to the field of agronomics. Soil and Water Chemistry: An Integrative Approach, stands alone because it balances agricultural and environmental perspectives in its analysis of the chemical properties and processes that affect organic and inorganic soil substances. Written for soil science practitioners, researchers, and students, this book provides a comprehensive treatment of soil composition and reactions. Topics include: clay mineralogy, soil organic matter, mineral weathering and stability, ion speciation, solubility, ion exchange, adsorption, oxidation-reduction, acidity, alkalinity, and salinity. Each chapter concludes with numerous exercises that emphasize concepts and have practical, real-world applications. Contents THE SOIL CHEMICAL ENVIRONMENT: AN OVERVIEW Phases and Chemical Processes in Soil Elements in the Soil Environment: Their Concentrations and Important Species Units and Conversions Heterogeneity of Soil Chemical Characteristics SOIL MINERALS Chemical Bonds Pauling?s Rules Silicate Classes Clay Mineralogy Division 1:1 Phyllosilicate Minerals Division 2:1 Phyllosilicate Minerals Hydrous Metal Oxides X-Ray Diffraction Analysis CHEMICAL WEATHERING Hydrolysis and Oxidation Balancing Chemical Reactions Mineral Stability: Primary Silicates in the Sand- and Silt-Sized Fractions Mineral Stability: Clay-Size Fraction Weathering and Formation Characteristics of the Phyllosilicates General Weathering Scheme for the Phyllosilicates ORGANIC MATTER IN SOIL Determination of Soil Organic Carbon Concentrations Organic Functional Groups: a Review Nonhumic Substances Humic Substances Genesis of Humic Substances Chemical and Structural Characteristics of Humic Substances SOIL WATER CHEMISTRY Nature of Water Ion Hydration Electrolyte Solutions Hydrolysis of Cations Lowry-Brønsted Acids and Bases Complex Ions and Ion Pairs The ion association model Ion Speciation in Soil Solutions Qualitative Aspects of Ion Speciation Soil Solution Sampling Methodologies Methods of Chemical Analysis: Elemental Analysis MINERAL SOLUBILITY Mineral Solubility: Basic Principles Application of Mineral Solubility Principles: Impediments The Deviation of Ksp from Kdis Mineral Solubility and Solution Composition Stability Diagrams Predicting Solution Composition SURFACE CHEMISTRY AND ADSORPTION REACTIONS Surface Functional Groups and Complexes The Solid-Solution Interface: a Microscopic View Quantitative Description of Adsorption Specific Retention of Metals and Ligands Ligand Effects on Metal Adsorption Organic Surface Functional Groups and Organic Molecular Retention Mechanisms Surface Complexation Models CATION EXCHANGE Cation Exchange: a Beginning for Soil Chemistry Qualitative aspects of Cation Exchange Cation Exchange Capacity and Exchange Phase Composition Quantitative Description of Cation Exchange OXIDATION-REDUCTION REACTIONS IN SOILS The Electron Activity Redox Potential Measurements Redox Status in Soils pe ? pH Predominance Diagrams ACIDITY IN SOIL MATERIALS Measurement of Soil Solution pH Chemical and Biochemical Processes that Influence Soil Solution pH Acid-Neutralizing Capacity and the Quantification of Soil Acidity Neutralization of Soil Acidity Acid Generation and Management in Mine Spoils: the Oxidation of Pyrite SOIL SALINITY AND SODICITY Sources of Salts Diagnostic Characteristics of Saline and Sodic Soils Irrigation Water Quality Parameters and Relationships Genesis, Management, and Reclamation of Salt-Affected Soils Printed Pages: 552. Buchnummer des Verkäufers 55757

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Inhaltsangabe: Traditionally the study of chemical principles as they relate to soil has been limited to the field of agronomics. Soil and Water Chemistry: An Integrative Approach, stands alone because it balances agricultural and environmental perspectives in its analysis of the chemical properties and processes that affect organic and inorganic soil substances.

Written for soil science practitioners, researchers, and students, this book provides a comprehensive treatment of soil composition and reactions. Topics include: clay mineralogy, soil organic matter, mineral weathering and stability, ion speciation, solubility, ion exchange, adsorption, oxidation-reduction, acidity, alkalinity, and salinity. Each chapter concludes with numerous exercises that emphasize concepts and have practical, real-world applications.

Review: Overall, this book comprehensively presents the chemical and mineralogical characteristics and processes of soils. The breadth and depth of coverage ... make this book one of the most thorough available. Numerous figures and tables help simplify the complex principles and reactions described. ... The book will ... be a comprehensive source of information for researchers and professionals [dealing with] the effect of soil-water chemistry, interactions, and processes that impact the environment. As usual, the publishers have done an excellent job of editing and preparing a high quality product.
- Journal of Environmental Quality, Vol. 33, No. 4, July/Aug. 2004

I congratulate the author on producing an outstanding up-to-date book that sets a higher standard for future environmental science textbooks. I would highly recommend anyone who is interested in the area of soil and water chemistry to purchase this book.
- Vadose Zone Journal, May 2005

Dr. Essington's book will be an outstanding choice as a textbook for those of us who teach soil chemistry, and will be an excellent resource for anyone working in the area of environmental soil science. He should be congratulated for producing a thorough, well-written book.
- Dr. George F. Vance
J.E. Warren Distinguished Professor of Energy and the Environment
Department of Renewable Resources
University of Wyoming, Laramie

I continue to be impressed by the quality of writing in this book. The author has a superb command of the subject matter and presents many difficult concepts in an easily understood manner. Material is covered in as complete a fashion as I have seen in any other soil chemistry textbook.
- Dr. Gary Pierzynski, Kansas State University

I am so glad to see specific chemical reactions to describe the chemistry behind common methods. This is where I think Essington's textbook is really going to excel. ...this book should also serve as an excellent 'working reference' for geochemists, environmental scientists, and consultants.
- Dr. April L. Ulery
New Mexico State University, Las Cruces

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Bibliografische Details

Titel: Soil and Water Chemistry: An Integrative ...
Verlag: CRC/CBS Publishers & Didtributors
Erscheinungsdatum: 2003
Einband: Hardcover
Zustand: New

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