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As the British Empire receded, India and Sri Lanka, then known as Ceylon, preserved the ?Westminster? political system left by their colonial rulers. Both South Asian countries became independent in the late 1940s, though in widely differing styles: India fought a violent campaign of mass political activism and would become a republic, while Sri Lanka negotiated independence by a gentlemen?s agreement among the indigenous elite and remained a realm. Both nations adopted the ?Westminster? political system of their colonial master, producing results and reactions that would shape each country profoundly. Harshan Kumarasingham analyses the crucial first decade of independence, assessing the events, decisions and political environment of these ?Eastminsters? The impact of cultural conditions on the constitutional and political exercise of executive power gives an invaluable insight into how the ambiguous and flexible tenets of the Westminster system were interpreted in a local context, where the Western-educated elites were often at variance with the masses. The principles of cabinet government are explored to examine how successfully the purported checks and balances of the Westminster model operated in this crucial nation-building era, along with the critical role of political figures like Prime Ministers Nehru and Bandaranaike. This period also witnessed the early challenges of forging a modern state with major ethnic, linguistic, religious, class-based and regional tensions, which both India and Sri Lanka still wrestle with. The adaptable Westminster system was an essential element in the political development of these South Asian nations. Understanding the legacy and influence of the Westminster system allows the reader to fully understand the politics, institutions and society of today?s India and Sri Lanka. Contents: Preface and Acknowledgments ? Maps of India and Sri Lanka ? Eastminster: The Westminster System in India and Sri Lanka ? Mixed Messages? India?s Responses to its British Legacy ? The Indian Version of First Among Equals: The Battle for Executive Ascendency ? Indian Federalism: A Paramount Mechanism ? ?Think of Ceylon as a little bit of England?: Sri Lanka and the British Legacy ? Unconventional Conventions: Power Partnerships in the Sri Lankan Executive ? Sri Lankan Communalism: A ?Canker? Ignored? ? India and Sri Lanka?s Eastminsters Compared ? Conclusion ? Notes ? Appendix: Governors-General, Presidents and Prime Ministers of India and Sri Lanka in the Post-Independence Decade ? Bibliography ? Index Printed Pages: 312. Buchnummer des Verkäufers 74293
As the British Empire receded, India and neighboring Sri Lanka, then known as Ceylon, preserved the ""Westminster"" -style political system left by their colonial rulers. Both South Asian countries became independent in the late 1940s in widely differing styles: India fought a violent campaign of mass political activism, becoming a republic under Prime Minister Nehru, while Sri Lanka's indigenous elite, among them future Prime Minister Bandaranaike, negotiated independence through a ""gentleman's agreement."" Here, Harshan Kumarasingham analyses the crucial first decade of independence for both countries. The impact of cultural conditions on the exercise of Westminster-style executive power gives an invaluable insight into the ambiguous and flexible tenets of the Westminster political system itself, as well as shedding light upon the development of India and Sri Lanka today. This book brings a new analytical model to bear upon a crucial nation-building era in countries where the needs of the wider population were often at odds with the aims of their westernized rulers.
About the Author:
Harshan Kumarasingham holds a PhD in Political History from Victoria University, Australia. He is Alexander Von Humboldt Research Fellow at Potsdam University, Henry Charles Chapman Fellow in Commonwealth Studies at the Institute of Commonwealth Studies, University of London and is Fellow at the Centre for Strategic Studies, New Zealand.
Titel: A Political Legacy of The British Empire: ...
Verlag: I B Tauris & Company/Viva Books
Auflage: First edition.
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