Nagarjunian Disputations: A Philosophical Journey through an Indian Looking Glass

Thomas E. Wood

Verlag: Sri Satguru Publications, 1995
ISBN 10: 8170304679 / ISBN 13: 9788170304678
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Beschreibung:

For over fifteen hundred years, the prevailing view of the Madhyamikas in India has been that they were absolute nihilists. According to the Mimamsakas, the Vedantins, the Naiyayikas, the Jainas and even their fellow-Mahayanists, the Vijnanavadins, the Madhyamikas denied the reality of both Nirvana and samsara. In the first part of this century, St. Schayer and Th. Stchetbatsky rejected the nihilist interpretation of the Madhyamikas. The present work is a Defence of the earlier nihilist interpretation (NI) of the Madhyamika against some of the leading non-nihilist interpretation (NNI) that have arisen to challenge it in recent times. This defence is conducted on two fronts. First, as a purely exegetical matter, it will be argued that the NI fits the Madhyamika writings better than the NNI. Secondly, it will be argued that the NNIs are not, as they are often claimed to be, more defensible on Philosophical grounds. Contents: Preface and Acknowledgements I. INTRODUCTION : 1-2. The nihilist (NI) and non-nihilist (NNI) interpretations of the Madhyamaka 3. The concepts of emptiness (sunyata) in these two kinds of interpretation 4-6. S.N. Dasgupta`s description of the Madhyamaka as a nihilistic idealism or pure phenomenalism 7. The Philosophical Importance of the Madhyamaka II. THE Origins OF MADHYAMIKA THOUGHT : 1. Early Buddhism; the questions that were set aside or left unanswered (avyakata, thapaniya); and the catuskoti 2. K.N. Jayatilleke`s Views on the catuskoti in his Early Buddhist Theory of Knowledge (EBThK) 3-4. The pragmatic interpretation of the catuskoti, according to which the Buddha declined to assert an opinion on these questions for purely soteriological reasons. The inadequacy of this interpretation 5. Jayatilleke`s view that the positions of the catuskoti are logically exclusive and exhaustive. His defense of the meaningfulness of the catuskoti`s four-fold rejection on the grounds that the four rejected propositions transcend the bounds of empirical knowledge and language 6. Reasons for rejecting Jayatilleke`s solution to the problem 7. The anatta/dhamma theory as the key to the catuskoti in early Buddhism. This theory plays no obvious role in Jayatilleke`s interpretation of the avyakata/thapaniya questions 8. Four Ways in which the Buddha responded to philosophical and Religious questions. The avyakata/thapaniya question as different in degree but not in kind from the question that requires analysis (vibhajja-vyakaraniya). The catuskoti exhausted only the logical possibilities that had been considered by the interlocutor 9-11. The evidence for this interpretation in the Aggi-vacchagotta-sutta (AVGS). The Buddha`s answers to the avyakata-thapaniya questions do not presuppose or otherwise imply a transempirical or translogical domain 12. The historical evidence against interpreting early Buddhism in this way 13-14. Annihilationism as implicit in the AVGS, the Yamaka-sutta and other teachings of early Buddhism 15. The Mahayanist Critique of the Dharma theory of early Buddhism. The Madhyamaka as the most uncompromising and logically consistent formulation of the Mahayanist rejection of the dharma theory III. A CRITIQUE OF THE NNI (I) : Negation in the Madhyamaka 1. MMK 1.3 and Bhavaviveka`s Commentary on it. The Difference in Sanskrit grammar between paryudasa and prasajya negation. Some contemporary misinterpretations of this distinction 2-3. Paryudasa negation as indirect affirmation with an attached exclusion clause. The prasajya negation of a proposition P implies the falsity of P and the Truth of not-P. Prasajya negation obeys the Law of non-contradiction. Relevant Logic and contradiction 4-5. B.K. Matilal`s suggestion that the prasajya negation of a proposition P has no implications for the truth or falsity of the statement not-P. Objections to this view 6. Printed Pages: 425. Buchnummer des Verkäufers 37786

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Inhaltsangabe: Language: English
Pages: 430
About The Book

For over fifteen hundred years, the prevailing view of the Madhyamikas in India has been that they were absolute nihilists. According to the Mimamsakas, the Vedantins, the Naiyayikas, the Jainas and even their fellow-Mahayanists, the Vijnanavadins, the Madhyamikas denied the reality of both nirvana and samsara. In the first part of this century, St. Schayer and Th. Stchetbatsky rejected the nihilist interpretation of the Madhyamikas.

The present work is a defence of the earlier nihilist interpretation (NI) of the Madhyamika against some of the leading non-nihilist interpretation (NNI) that have arisen to challenge it in recent times. This defence is conducted on two fronts. First, as a purely exegetical matter, it will be argued that the NI fits the Madhyamika writings better than the NNI. Secondly, it will be argued that the NNIs are not, as they are often claimed to be, more defensible on philosophical grounds.

 

About The Author

Thomas Wood received his B.A. and Ph.D. in philosophy from the University of California at Berkeley. He has taught Eastern and Western philosophy at the California State University at Fresno and the State University of New York at New Paltz. He is presently an Adjunct Professor at the California Institute of Integral Studies in San Francisco, where he teaches comparative philosophy and religion. He is the author of two other books in Indian philosophy, The Mandukya Upanisad and the Agama Sastra: An Investigation into the Meaning of the Vedanta (1990) and Mind Only: A Philosophical and Doctrinal Analysis of the Vijnanavada (1991)

 

Preface

I am indebted to Eli Franco and anonymous reviewers for comments and criticisms on earl

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Bibliografische Details

Titel: Nagarjunian Disputations: A Philosophical ...
Verlag: Sri Satguru Publications
Erscheinungsdatum: 1995
Einband: Hardcover
Zustand: New
Auflage: First edition.

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Verlag: Sri Satguru Publications (1995)
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Buchbeschreibung Sri Satguru Publications, 1995. gebundene Ausgabe. Buchzustand: Gut. 405 Seiten; Originalschutzumschlag vorhanden, jedoch beschädigt (kleinere Einrisse im Randbereich); Das Buch befindet sich in einem ordentlich erhaltenen Zustand; Sprache: Englisch Gewicht in Gramm: 570. Artikel-Nr. 1372337

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