Marxist Theory and Socialist States

Nilanjana Majumdar

Verlag: Kalpaz Publications/Gyan Books Pvt Ltd, 2005
ISBN 10: 8178354292 / ISBN 13: 9788178354293
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Beschreibung:

Just as the Revolution in Russia and the growth of Communism in East Europe was a defining moment of the early 20th century, the downfall of Communism in the Eastern Bloc Countries was one of the seminal Events that marked the latter half. Political scholars are prone to interpreting the fall to inherent weaknesses in the Communist model. They point to the rapidity of the fall and the immediate embracement of the Western Model as a validation of their hypothesis. Recently, with the rising disillusionment with the Western model in the very countries that had so eagerly embraced Capitalism, the validity of the weakness-of-communism theory has begun to be re-evaluated. Alongside, the question has arisen if Capitalism is not the answer, what went wrong in the East European countries that Communism did not succeed? Nilanjana Majumdar, in her first work, has taken an in-depth look at the functioning of some of the key East European countries and Russia. She has analysed the condition of these countries, as seen by scholars who have lived and worked in there. Dispassionately dissecting the strengths and weaknesses of the system, she discusses the situation in these countries vis-a-vis the traditional Marxist theory to shows how the circumstances in each Country differed from each other, and how futile it is to try to find one single model that explains the Failure of communism in these countries. She demonstrates that the critical failure of communist theory lay in its lack of any theoretical model of Transition in forms of governance, which led to the collapse. Contents: Rootsce Introduction I. PROBLEMS OF TRANSITIONS IN SOCIALIST SOCIETIES II. CRITICAL ISSUES OF EAST EUROPE-I : Czechoslovakia; The National Front and the Possibility of Opposition; Economic Reforms; Reforms in Health and Education; Reforms in Politico-governmental Sphere; Enterprise Independence and the Market; Foreign Trade; Slovakia; Reactions to the Reforms; Mass Organisations; The Leading Role of the Party; Political Reform and the Government; Dissent and Independent Activity; Hungary; Rakosi`s Rule; East Germany; Collectivisation and Nationalisation of Agriculture and Industry; Changes in Economic Strategy; 1979-80 Kombinate Become the Backbone of GDR Industry; Miscellaneous Improvements in the System of Planning and Balancing; Looking for the Right Prices for Producers, Keeping the Wrong Prices for the Consumers; Price of Labour; Price of Capital; Consumer Prices; Changing Goals of the SED Leadership; Poland; From Stalinism to the Polish October; Consolidation of the Opposition in the 1970s; The Economic Environment; The Birth of Solidarity III. CRITICAL ISSUES OF EAST EUROPE-II : Czechoslovakia; The Slovak Question; Hungary; National Income and Standard of Living; Revolution of 1956; Kadar`s Reforms; New Economic Mechanism; Economic Exploitation; East Germany; The Party (SED); Poland; Development of the Centrally Planned Economy; Establishing the Planning Formula; The Fate of the Reforms; Reform Failure in the 1980s and the Solidarity; The Roots of 1980; Factors Leading to Solidarity; The Crisis of the Party IV. SOVIET UNION-CRITICAL ISSUES AND THE GORBACHEV YEARS : The Economic Policy; The Twelfth Five-Year Plan, 1986-90; Science and Technology; Social Policy; Political and Administrative Policy and Trade Union; Media; Foreign and Military Policy; Lenin and Gorbachev V. SUMMARY AND CONCLUSION : Czechoslovakia; East Germany; Poland; Hungary Printed Pages: 300. Buchnummer des Verkäufers 36779

Bibliografische Details

Titel: Marxist Theory and Socialist States
Verlag: Kalpaz Publications/Gyan Books Pvt Ltd
Erscheinungsdatum: 2005
Einband: Hardcover
Zustand: New

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