`Land Tenure` and `Occupancy Right` have for long exercised the minds of monarchs and governments all over, particularly in an agricultural country. The book seeks to present in a clear historical perspective the various vicissitudes the occupancy right had witnessed from the earliest times. Our Hindu kings had naturally allowed the proprietary right in agricultural land to vest in the cultivator himself. In spite of the practice of a regular payment to the Treasury of what was supposed to be a voluntary offering by the Ryots for the numerous services rendered by the state, the crown never assumed ownership of such a land. The author recounts graphically the fluctuating fortunes of the tiller under the various Muslim rulers who for reasons of administrative convenience and extension of patronage caused the emergence of a new intermediate class of landholders. But by and large the occupancy right of the grower was not interfered with until the grant to the East India Company of the Dewani of Bengal, Bihar & Orissa by Shah Alum. The establishment of a good government and improvement in commerce effected by the British made things much worse. Demand for land rose phenomenally and this created insurmountable hardships for the Ryots of the country with dispossession becoming the order of the day. The book deals thoroughly with protective guarantees offered by Act X of 1859. The new legislation unequivocally conferred the right of occupancy on the cultivator and clearly provided against his eviction from the piece of land he had held for a continuous period of 12 years. The author recalls here that though the new dispensation did provide the much-needed succour to the hard-hit ryots and the tenants-at-will, it certainly suffered from glaring inadequacies and failed to anticipate the abuse into which some of its loopholes could result. This was later taken care of by another legislation known as the Bengal Tenancy Act of 1885. It is indeed a refreshing analysis of the several stages that the `Occupancy Right` had to negotiate till it was finally validated by the British Govt. The incidents of the Right have also been imaginatively discussed in the book. Contents Introduction LAND TENURE IN ANCIENT INDIA : 1. The Hindu Period 2. The Mohamedan Period-The of the Zamindars 3. The Early British Period-Permanent Settlement with the Zamindars Part I. THE ORIGIN AND GROWTH OF OCCUPANCY RIGHT : 1. The Hindu and Mahomedan Periods 2. The British Period-The Supression of Occupancy Right-Effect of the Permanent Settlement 3. The Suppression of Occupancy Right-Effect of the Revenue Sale Laws 4. The Suppression of Occupancy Right-Effect of Subinfeudation 5. The Suppression of Occupancy Right-Effect of Changes in Economic Conditions 6. A Retrospect 7. The Revival of Occupancy Right-Effect of Rent Act of 1859 8. The Growth of Occupancy Right-Effect of Bengal Tenancy Act 1885 Part II. THE INCIDENTS OF OCCUPANCY RIGHT : 1. Who can acquire the Right? 2. In what lands can the right be acquired ? 3. How can the right be acquired? 4. The Privileges and Liabilities of the Occupancy Raiyat : i. Provisions regarding rent : a. Liability to pay rent b. Rate of rent c. Presumption as to fixity of rent d. Enhancement of rent e. Reduction of rent f. Alteration of rent for alteration of Area g. Imposition of abwab h. Suspension of rent i. Payment of Rent - Its Time and Place j. Realization of arrears of rent k. Produce rent - Its Appraisement and Commutation ii. Protection from Ejectment iii. Use of laud iv. Right to make Improvements on his Holding v. Right to Trees vi. Right to Sublet vii. Partition or Sub - division of holding viii. Right to Surrender holding ix. Right to abandon holding x. Right to Transfer, Holding : a. Right not ordinarily transferable except by custom or Printed Pages: 431. Buchnummer des Verkäufers 1533
Titel: History and Incidents of Occupancy Right
Verlag: B.R. Publishing Corporation, Delhi
Auflage: 5th or later edition.
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