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Printed pages: 192. Size: 14 Cms x 21.5 Cms. Buchnummer des Verkäufers 036879
Titel: Green Bond
Verlag: Lotus Collection/Roli Books
Auflage: Second Impression.
Buchbeschreibung Boydell Press, 1976. Hardcover. Buchzustand: Good+. The Boydell Press 1976; Good to very good in dust jacket (very slight wear). Artikel-Nr. 35309
Buchbeschreibung GRIN Publishing Aug 2016, 2016. Taschenbuch. Buchzustand: Neu. Neuware - Master's Thesis from the year 2015 in the subject Law - Miscellaneous, grade: B, London School of Economics (Department of Law), course: Environmental Law, language: English, abstract: Green Bonds are a novel form of long term debt financing instruments enabling continued and sustainable economic growth in a finite physical world. The market for green bonds or Climate Bonds comprises of debt instruments, the proceeds of which are Earmarked for use in environmentally friendly projects. Introduced by the European Investment Bank (EIB) in 2007, the market for green bonds has been growing rapidly, reaching the record volume of USD 36.6 billion in 2014. Rapidly growing markets offer a myriad of opportunities for investors, but those opportunities come with certain risks attached. The risk addressed by this paper is a twofold one. Firstly, there is a risk to the environment if the proceeds of earmarked bonds are used for projects that do not actually benefit the environment. Secondly, there is a legal and financial risk to bondholders that arises when issuers of green bonds use funds for purposes other than those set out in the bond indenture. There are two steps that need to be taken in order to address these risks at the same time. First, a uniform standard of what defines a green bond or a specified range of Shades of Green has to be found and implemented. Second, a green bond needs to state explicitly, in its indenture, what purposes the funds will be used for and of what shade of green those purposes are, in order to empower bondholders to take legal action if covenants are broken. These clauses will be referred to as Green Covenants. This paper will start by briefly setting out the threat posed by climate change before continuing to introduce green bonds, explaining how they operate and why they will become part of the solution to climate change. Four varieties of green bonds, issued by four very different entities, will then be examined and it will be shown that there are certain shortcomings they all have in common. This paper goes on by suggesting that these shortcomings can be addressed by introducing stricter and, most importantly, legally enforceable covenants that determine what proceeds of green bonds can be used for. This will be proven by comparing instruments of English Law and United States (US) Federal Law that are currently available to bondholders, with powers a stronger set of covenants will make available to bondholders in the future. 44 pp. Englisch. Artikel-Nr. 9783668251977