Forest Resources of India: Problems, Policies and Initiatives

Arjun Yallappa Pangannavar

Verlag: New Century Publications, 2011
ISBN 10: 8177082698 / ISBN 13: 9788177082692
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As part of the natural environment and life-support system, forests play a vital role in social, cultural, economic and industrial development of India and in maintaining its ecological balance. The Constitution of India has given due recognition to forests and wildlife and the tribal communities dependent on forests. As storehouse of biodiversity, forests not only maintain and improve the moisture regime and provide clean air but also produce humus and maintain soil fertility. However, population pressure, poverty, and a weak institutional framework have caused forest depletion and degradation, raising concerns about environmental safety. Wildlife conservation efforts have so far been primarily directed to the maintenance of areas with one or more spectacular animals such as the tiger or the rhino. For long-term survival and betterment of forests and wildlife, there is need for forest services to become more specialized and professional and receive political, infrastructural and financial support. Central and State Governments must also alter their priorities and mindset. For too long, forests have been regarded as an earning sector. Time has come to recognize forests as repository of biodiversity, natural heritage, and provider of water and of ecologic and biotic goods and services. The passage of the Scheduled Tribes and Other Traditional Forest Dwellers (Recognition of Forest Rights) Act, 2006 has set the scene for the correction of the historical injustice suffered by India?s forest dwellers and tribal people. The effective implementation of the Act holds out the promise that finally the enormous bounty of natural resources that India?s tribal areas are endowed with can be harnessed for the holistic development of the tribal people themselves. This book explains and examines various aspects of forest and wildlife policies, programmes and management in India. CONTENTS CONTENTS 1. Pre-Independence Forest Policy ? National Forest Policy (NFP), 1894; History of Forest Legislations in India; Management of Forests during British Rule. 2. Constitutional Provisions and Legal Framework for Forests ? Constitutional Provisions; Ministry of Environment and Forests (MoEF); Important Central Legislations Pertaining to Forests and Wildlife; Legislations of State Governments. 3. Importance of Forests in the Indian Economy ? Forests as Primary Producers of Natural Resources; Forests and Hydrological Cycle; Forests and Ecological Security; Forests and Ecotourism; Forests and Urban Population; Sustainable Forest Management; Conflict of Interests. 4. Present Status of Forests in India ? Classification of Forests; Forest Cover; Mangrove Cover; Tree Cover; Encroachment and Degradation; Forest Certification of Timber and Non-timber Forest Products; Intensification of Forest Management Scheme (IFMS); National Afforestation and Eco-Development Board (NAEB); Eleventh Five Year Plan (2007-12) on Forests. 5. Problems of Indian Forest Sector ? Demographic Burden; Mega Development Projects; Market Pressures; Lack of Political Will; Rural Development Imbalances. 6. Post-Independence Forest Policy Developments ? Forest Policy (FP), 1952; Indian Board for Wildlife (IBW), 1952; Scheduled Areas and Scheduled Tribes; Commission (Chairman: U.N. Dhebar), 1966; National Commission on Agriculture (NCA) [Chairman: C. Subramanium], 1976; Committee on Forests and Tribals (Chairman: B.K. Roy Burman), 1980; Forest Policy (FP), 1988; Committee to Review the National Forest Policy, 1988 and its Implementation (Chairman: C.D. Pandeya), 1997; Committee on Conferring Ownership Rights of Minor Forest Produce (MFP) on Panchayats / Gram Sabhas (Chairman: K.M. Chadha), 1997; Committee to Review the Afforestation Policy and Rehabilitation of Wastelands (Chairm Printed Pages: 216. Buchnummer des Verkäufers 52986

Bibliografische Details

Titel: Forest Resources of India: Problems, ...
Verlag: New Century Publications
Erscheinungsdatum: 2011
Einband: Hardcover
Zustand: New

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Buchbeschreibung "As part of the natural environment and life-support system, forests play a vital role in social, cultural, economic and industrial development of India and in maintaining its ecological balance. The Constitution of India has given due recognition to forests and wildlife and the tribal communities dependent on forests. As storehouse of biodiversity, forests not only maintain and improve the moisture regime and provide clean air but also produce humus and maintain soil fertility. However, population pressure, poverty, and a weak institutional framework have caused forest depletion and degradation, raising concerns about environmental safety. Wildlife conservation efforts have so far been primarily directed to the maintenance of areas with one or more spectacular animals such as the tiger or the rhino. For long-term survival and betterment of forests and wildlife, there is need for forest services to become more specialized and professional and receive political, infrastructural and financial support. Central and State Governments must also alter their priorities and mindset. For too long, forests have been regarded as an earning sector. Time has come to recognize forests as repository of biodiversity, natural heritage, and provider of water and of ecologic and biotic goods and services. The passage of the Scheduled Tribes and Other Traditional Forest Dwellers (Recognition of Forest Rights) Act, 2006 has set the scene for the correction of the historical injustice suffered by India?s forest dwellers and tribal people. The effective implementation of the Act holds out the promise that finally the enormous bounty of natural resources that India?s tribal areas are endowed with can be harnessed for the holistic development of the tribal people themselves. This book explains and examines various aspects of forest and wildlife policies, programmes and management in India. Artikel-Nr. NewCentury-9788177082692

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