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Oxford University Press, 2015. 368p. Hardback. Series: OXFORD PHILOSOPHICAL CONCEPTS. Condition: New. Buchnummer des Verkäufers 43665
Inhaltsangabe: It seems quite natural to explain the activities of human and non-human animals by referring to their special faculties. Thus, we say that dogs can smell things in their environment because they have perceptual faculties, or that human beings can think because they have rational faculties. But what are faculties? In what sense are they responsible for a wide range of activities? How can they be individuated? How are they interrelated? And why are different types of faculties assigned to different types of living beings?
The six chapters in this book discuss these questions, covering a wide period from Plato up to contemporary debates about faculties as modules of the mind. They show that faculties were referred to in different theoretical contexts, but analyzed in radically different ways. Some philosophers, especially Aristotelians, made them the cornerstone of their biological and psychological theories, taking them to be basic powers of living beings. Others took them to be inner causes that literally produce activities, while still others provided a purely functional explanation. The chapters focus on various models, taking into account Greek, Arabic, Latin, French, German and Anglo-American debates. They analyze the role assigned to faculties in metaphysics, philosophy of mind and epistemology, but also the attack that was often launched against the assumption that faculties are hidden yet real features of living beings. The short "Reflections" inserted between the chapters make clear that faculties were also widely discussed in literature, science and medicine.
About the Author:
Dominik Perler is Professor of Philosophy at Humboldt-Universität, Berlin. He previously taught at Oxford and Basel and has had visiting appointments at UCLA, Tel Aviv, Wisconsin-Madison and Princeton. He is Member of the Berlin-Brandenburg Academy of Arts and Science. His research focuses on medieval and early modern philosophy
Titel: The Faculties. A History.
Verlag: Oxford University Press
Buchbeschreibung Blackwell, Oxford, 1909. Buchzustand: Very Good. 43p booklet, cover slightly worn, pages remain fresh, a very good copy, first edition, scarce item. Artikel-Nr. PAB 175282
Buchbeschreibung London, W.J. and J. Richardson ., 1806. VIII,403; und V, 553 Seiten, sowie den Kupfertafeln. Einige historische Bibliotheksstempel, bzw. Schildchen auf Deckel. Vorsätze erneuert, Rückenkanten gestützt, einige Seiten papierbedingt stockig. Insgesamt gut erhaltene, komplette und feste Exemplare. Nathaniel Wanley (1634–1680) was an English clergyman and writer, known for The Wonders of the Little World. He was born at Leicester in 1634, and baptised on 27 March. His father was a mercer. He was educated at Trinity College, Cambridge, and graduated B.A. in 1653, M.A. in 1657. His first preferment was as rector of Beeby, Leicestershire. On the resignation of John Bryan, the nonconformist vicar of Trinity Church, Coventry, Wanley was instituted his successor on 28 October 1662.Wanley kept in touch with the prevailing Puritanism of Coventry. With Bryan, who attended his services though ministering also to a nonconformist congregation, he was intimate, and on Bryan's death in 1676 he preached his funeral sermon of warm appreciation. It was published posthumously, with the title ‘Peace and Rest for the Upright,’ 1681.Wanley died in 1680; he was succeeded by Samuel Barton on 22 December. Wanley gave or bequeathed to the grammar school library at Coventry a copy of the Imitatio Christi, described as ‘Ecclesiastical Music, written on Parchment, about the time of King Edward IV.’ His first publication, ‘Vox Dei, or the Great Duty of Self-reflection upon a Man's own Wayes,’ 1658, was dedicated to Dorothy Spencer, Countess of Sunderland. He published ‘War and Peace Reconciled two books,’ 1670 and 1672, a translation from the Latin of Justus Lipsius.Wanley's major work is ‘The Wonders of the Little World; or a General History of Man. In Six Books,’ 1678, dedicated (17 June 1677) to Sir Harbottle Grimston, 2nd Baronet. The work, which is meant to illustrate anecdotically the prodigies of human nature, shows wide reading but is credulous; authorities are fully given and referenced. Later editions include that of 1774, with revision, and index; and 1806–7, 2 vols., with additions by William Johnston who worked with John Aikin on the General Biography.Wanley also compiled a history of the Fielding family, which is printed in John Nichols's Leicestershire. Artikel-Nr. BestNr 7787N-eb