Buchnummer des Verkäufers
Inhaltsangabe: It is understood that the first recorded history of slavery had its beginning in the United States in 1619 when approximately twenty Africans were brought by a Dutch soldier and sold to the English colony of Jamestown Virginia as indentured servants The transformation from indentured servitude to racial slavery happened gradually It wasn t until 1661 that a reference to slavery entered in Virginia law directed at Caucasian servants who ran away with a black servant It wouldn t be until the Slave Codes of 1705 that the status of African Americans as slaves would be sealed This would last for another 160 years until after the end of the American Civil War with the ratification of the 13th Amendment in December 1865 However it must be noted that the first imported Africans were brought as indentured servants not slaves They were required as white indentured servants to serve nine years Many were brought to the British North American colonies specifically Jamestown Virginia in 1620 It is most interesting to make note of the fact that slavery was subsequently legalized in the following states 1641 Massachusetts becomes the first colony to legalize slavery 1650 Connecticut legalizes slavery 1661 Virginia officially recognizes slavery by statute 1662 A Virginia statute declares that children born would have the same status as their mother 1663 Maryland legalizes slavery 1664 Slavery is legalized in New York and New Jersey The shift from indentured servants to African slaves was prompted by a dwindling class of former servants who had worked through the terms of their indentures and thus became competitors to their former masters These newly freed servants were rarely able to support themselves comfortably and the tobacco industry was increasingly dominated by large planters This caused domestic unrest culminating in Bacon s Rebellion Eventually chattel slavery became the norm in regions dominated by plantations that were owned by Englishmen who
About the Author: I am not a historian. I am simply an American citizen who grew up in Brooklyn, New York after my birth in the state of Virginia. My family, African-Americans from the south, decided to leave a life of farming and despair to move to New York to start anew, with nine children; three girls, six boys, and mother and father, who firmly believed that they could make a better life for all their family members. As the exception to the rule, I finished high school along with my brothers and sisters, and went on to college where I earned degrees in business and in law. This enabled me to become an officer and manager in the banking industry, where I served over twenty eight years. In addition I served a number of years as a businessman, served in state government, and served in the regular Army of the U.S. I have written other books on business and banking that were published by and for the banking community as training and management material. I am currently working on a series of business books which will be introduced to members of the business community as a source of training for new small business owners and entrepreneurs.
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