Debt the IMF and the World Bank: Sixty Questions Sixty Answers

Damien Millet,Eric Toussaint

Verlag: Aakar Books, 2011
ISBN 10: 9350021714 / ISBN 13: 9789350021712
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Beschreibung:

Mainstream economists tell us that developing countries will replicate the economic achievements of the rich countries if they implement the correct ?free-market? policies. But scholars and activists Toussaint and Millet demonstrate that this is patently false. Drawing on a wealth of detailed evidence, they explain how developed economies have systematically and deliberately exploited the less-developed economies by forcing them into unequal trade and political relationships. Integral to this arrangement are the international economic institutions ostensibly created to safeguard the stability of the global economy the International Monetary Fund (IMF) and the World Bankand the imposition of massive foreign debt on poor countries. The authors explain in simple language, and ample use of graphics, the multiple contours of this exploitative system, its history, its history, and now it continues to function in the present day. Ultimately, Toussaint and Millet advocate cancellation of all foreign dabt for developing countries and provide arguments from a number of perspectiveslegal, economic, moral. Presented in an accessible and easily-referenced question and answer format, Debt, the IMF, and the World Bank is an essential tool for the global justice movement. Table of Contents Foreword by angela Y. Davis Abbreviations Introduction 1. HUMAN RIGHTS, DEVELOPMENT, AND DEBT 1. What is meant by ?developing countries?? 2. Why is the term ?development? ambiguous? 3. What is the link between debt and poverty? 4. What are the ?Millennium Development Goals? (MDG)? 5. What are the different kinds of debt for developing countries? 2. THE ORIGIN OF THE DEBT IN DEVELOPMENT COUNTRIES 6. What part did private banks play in the development of developing countries?external debt in the 1960s & 1970s? 7. What part did the World Bank play in the development of the developing Countries?external debts in the 1960s and 1970s? 8. How does the World Bank function? 9. What part did the governments of countries of the North play in the evolution of the developing countries? external debt in the 1960s and 1970s? 10. How was the borrowed money used in the developing countries? 3. THE DEBT CRISIS 11. How did the price of commodities evolve during the last quarter of the twentieth century? 12. What role did the evolution of interest rates play in the 1982 debt crisis? 13. Are the World Bank, the IMF, and private banks somehow responsible for the debt crisis? 14. How did creditors respond to the debt crisis? 15. Are there any similarities with the 2007 subprime crisis? 4. THE IMF, THE WORLD BANK,AND THE LOGIC OF STRUCTURAL ADJUSTMENT 16. How does the IMF function? 17. What are the short-term or shock measures imposed by structural adjustment, and what are their consequences? 18. What are the long-term of structural measures imposed by structural adjustment, and what are their consequences? 19. What is the impact of the IMF/World Bank logic on the world food crisis of 2007? 5. OTHER INTERNATIONAL PLAYERS : THE PARIS CLUB AND THE WTO 20. How is the Paris Club? 21. Are all the developing countries treated in the same way by the Paris Club? 22. What is undermining the Paris Club? 23. What is the role of the World Trade Organization (WTO)? 6. THE STRUCTURE OF DEVELOPING COUNTRIES? DEBT 24. Of what does the external debt ofdevelopment countries consist? 25. How has the debt changed since 1970? 26. Do Developing countries repay debts? 27. What about the external public debt of developing countries? 28. How are the debt-related financial flows directed? 29. What about the domestic debt of developing countries? 7. DECIPHERING THE OFFICIAL DISCOURSE ON DEBT RELIEF 30. How did the debt relief initiative come about? 31. What is the Heavily Indebted Poor Countries (HIPC) initiative? 32. Has the HIPC initiative achieved its goal? 33. What was con Printed Pages: 361. Buchnummer des Verkäufers 97705

Bibliografische Details

Titel: Debt the IMF and the World Bank: Sixty ...
Verlag: Aakar Books
Erscheinungsdatum: 2011
Einband: Softcover
Zustand: New
Auflage: First edition.

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