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ELT is a field of theory and practices that are built on several foundations. Of these the most proximate foundations of ELT have come to be called `Approaches to Teaching English`. This body of information is the theory structure that essentially guides the Teacher of English in his Classroom practices. Teaching English in India has become a complex and multidimensional phenomenon. This calls for a multidimensional rather than a unidimensional approach to ELT. Everything calls for a much deepen comprehension of under currents of ELT by the teacher of English. The present work aims at preparing the teacher for this task. Introduction I. THE Nature OF Language : 1. Language as a Structured System 2. Language is for Communication 3. Language is Symbolic 4. The Vocal Characteristic of Language 5. Arbitrariness of Language 6. Language is Changing 7. Language is Culture-based 8. The Creative Nature of Language 9. Uniqueness of Language 10. A Few other Characteristics II. ACQUISITION OF THE FIRST LANGUAGE : 1. Learning Conditions of L1 and L2 2. Factors Affecting the Learning of L1 3. Stages of L1 Acquisition Process 4. Internalisation of Linguistic Systems 5. Acquiring the Phonology L1 6. Acquiring the Vocabulary of L1 7. Acquiring the Syntax of L1 8. The Process of Socialization and Acquisition of Semantic Maturity III. APPROACHES TO LANGUAGE Teaching : 1. The Role of Language Theories 2. Behaviourism in Psychology 3. Cognitivism in Psychology 4. Structuralism in Linguistics 5. Transformationalism in Linguistics 6. Semanticism in Linguistic 7. Approach, Method and Techniques 8. Foreign Language Teaching Methods 9. Teaching Techniques and the Classroom 10. The Basic Need for Methodology IV. GRAMMAR-TRANSLATION METHOD : 1. The Basic Principles 2. The Role of Grammar and Translation 3. Stress on Written Language 4. Drawbacks of Grammar-Translation Method 5. Merits of Grammar-Translation Method V. Structural APPROACH : 1. The Basic Principles 2. Maximum Use of the Foreign Language 3. Gradation of Language Material 4. The New Structural Approach 5. Emphasis on Meaningful Practice 6. Structural Approach in India VI. AUDIO-LINGUAL AND DIRECT METHODS : 1. L1 in the Teaching of L2 2. Evolution of the Direct Method 3. Direct Relation of Language and Experience 4. Teaching Functional Grammar 5. Audio-Lingual Method 6. Merits and Drawbacks VII. BILINGUAL METHOD : 1. The Background 2. The L, as a Teaching Aid 3. Integrated Teaching of Skills 4. Balance of Fluency and Accuracy 5. The Simplicity of Bilingual Method VIII. COMMUNICATIVE LANGUAGE TEACHING : 1. The Communicative Approach to Language Teaching 2. Emphasis on Communicative Categories 3. Classroom Techniques for Communicative Teaching 4. Materials Preparation for Communicative 5. Communicative Approach at Task Centred 6. Material for Communicative Language Teaching 7. Communicative Teaching as Task Centered IX. LANGUAGE CONTENT AND KINDS OF LESSONS : 1. The Structure of English Language 2. Speech Forms and Spoken English Lessons 3. Structures and Grammar Lessons 4. Lexis and Vocabulary Lessons 5. Reading Material and Reading Lessons 6. Discourse-Building and Composition Lessons 7. Poetry and Appreciation Lessons X. TECHNIQUES FOR TEACHING ENGLISH : 1. Techniques for Preliminary Work 2. Techniques for Presentation 3. Techniques for Practice 4. Techniques for Review 5. Techniques for Remedial Work XI. TEACHING ENGLISH IN UNIVERSITIES : 1. The Need for Substantial Reforms 2. The New Role of Universities 3. Methods of Teaching English in Universities 4. The Teaching of Criticism 5. The Teaching of Language Skills XII. TEACHING ENGLISH IN ENGLISH MEDIUM Schools : 1. Attitudes towards Methodology 2. Language Atmosphere of English Medium Schools 3. Methods of Printed Pages: 232. Buchnummer des Verkäufers 56253
Titel: Approaches to English Language Teaching
Verlag: Discovery Publishing House Pvt. Ltd.
Buchbeschreibung Oxford University Press, 01.11.1979., 1979. Buchzustand: Wie neu. 243 Seiten Sprache: Englisch Gewicht in Gramm: 293 21,3 x 13,7 x 1,5 cm, Taschenbuch. Artikel-Nr. 222996