Beispielbild für diese ISBN

The Animal Spirit Doctrine and the Origins of Neurophysiology

Frixione, Eugenio; Clower, William; Smith, C.U.M.; Finger, Stanley

0 Bewertungen bei Goodreads
ISBN 10: 0199766495 / ISBN 13: 9780199766499
Verlag: Oxford University Press, Oxford, 2012
Gebraucht Zustand: Very Good Hardcover
Verkäufer PsychoBabel & Skoob Books (Didcot, OXON, Vereinigtes Königreich)

AbeBooks Verkäufer seit 6. Oktober 2003

Anzahl: 1

Gebraucht kaufen
Preis: EUR 51,04 Währung umrechnen
Versand: EUR 5,60 Von Vereinigtes Königreich nach USA Versandziele, Kosten & Dauer
In den Warenkorb legen


Hardcover. Superficial marks on jacket. Spine ends, on hardcover and jacket, are lightly bumped. Pages in excellent conditioon. BW. Buchnummer des Verkäufers 277457

Dem Anbieter eine Frage stellen

Bibliografische Details

Titel: The Animal Spirit Doctrine and the Origins ...

Verlag: Oxford University Press, Oxford

Erscheinungsdatum: 2012

Einband: hardcover

Zustand:Very Good

Zustand des Schutzumschlags: Good

Art des Buches: Used

Über diesen Titel


How do we become aware of things and events in the outside world, and how does the brain control the muscular system and behavior? This book examines the history of Western attempts to explain how messages might be sent from the sense organs to the brain and from the brain to the muscles. It focuses on a construct called animal spirit, which would permeate philosophy and guide physiology and medicine for over two millennia.

The authors' story opens along the Eastern Mediterranean, where they examine how Pre-Socratic philosophers related the soul to air-wind or pneuma. They then trace what Hippocrates, Plato and Aristotle wrote about this pneuma, and how Stoic and Epicurean philosophers approached it. They also visit Alexandria, where Hellenistic anatomists provided new thoughts about the nerves and the ventricles. Thereafter, the authors return to the Greek mainland, where they show how Galen's pneuma psychikon or spiritus animae would provide an explanation for sensations and movements.

Galen's writings would guide science and medicine for well over a thousand years, albeit with some modifications. One change, found in early Christian writers Nemesius and Augustine, involved assigning perception, cognition, and memory to different spirit-filled ventricles. After examining how pious Scholastics later dealt with the nerve spirit, the authors turn to how questions began to be raised about it in the 1500s and 1600s. Here they examine the rise of modern science with its revealing experiments, microscopic observations, and attempts to break with the past. Descartes, Swammerdam, Borelli, Glisson, Willis, Newton, Hartley, Boerhaave and Haller are among the featured players in this part of the story.

Nevertheless, the animal spirit doctrine continued to survive (although modified), because no adequate replacement for it was immediately forthcoming. The replacement theory stemmed from experiments on electric fishes started in the 1750s. Additional research on these fishes and then on frogs eventually led scientists to abandon their time-honored ideas. The authors trace some of the developments leading to modern electrophysiology and end with an epilogue centered on what this history teaches us about paradigmatic changes in the life sciences.

About the Author:

Chris Smith holds degrees in Zoology, Physics and Biophysics and a PhD in Neuroscience. Since retiring as Dean of the Faculty of Life and Health Sciences at Aston in 1996 he has devoted his time to the history and philosophy of neuroscience. He has published a number of books on neuroscience and the history of biology and has edited books on cranial trepanation, Erasmus Darwin, and eighteenth-century neuroscience. He has published some 140 academic papers and chapters and has acted as section editor in neurophilosophy for the Journal of the History of the Neurosciences.

Eugenio Frixione is a cell physiologist who has published mainly experimental basic research on several mechanisms of cell motility in neural and epithelial tissues, and in unicellular parasites. Recently he has published studies on the intellectual evolution of major concepts about cell structure and function, as well as on key advances in the understanding of muscle physiology and other instances of biological motion.

Stanley Finger first studied recovery from brain damage and then turned to the history of the neurosciences. His monographs in the latter domain include Origins of Neuroscience (with OUP), Minds Behind the Brain (with OUP), Doctor Franklin's Medicine, and most recently (with OUP), A Shocking History of Electric Fishes. He has edited books on cranial trepanation, eighteenth-century neuroscience, and the history of neurology, has published approximately 150 papers in edited journals, and has long served and continues to serve as editor of the Journal of the History of the Neurosciences.

Will Clower is trained in neurophysiology, studying the mechanisms of movement control associated with motor learning. In the process of performing his neuroscience research in France, Dr Clower wrote and later published two books on the Mediterranean dietary behaviors. He now provides wellness programming for corporations, hospitals, and wellness centers around the United States.

„Über diesen Titel“ kann sich auf eine andere Ausgabe dieses Titels beziehen.


To pay by PayPal, just paste this link into your browser: PsychoBabel Books in Oxfordshire and Skoob Books in London (Russell Square Tube)are run and owned by Chris Edwards operating as a sole trader. We have bought all our books and take great care with the storage and listing of each one. As well as over 107,000 listings we have nearly 100,000 in our London shop and probably five times as many awaiting attention in the warehouse. We have been selling with a five-star rating continuously sine 2003 on AbeBooks. PsychoBabel and Skoob buy from private individuals and prestigious libraries. We are NOT 'barcoders' but dedicated book lovers, offering an excellent service. We enjoy receiving phone calls and we handle each order individually. We dispatch our orders daily and accommodate customers all over the world. Our wonderful packaging is not charged for. Please email or call with any queries or requests for photos.

Zur Homepage des Verkäufers


To pay by PayPal, just paste this link into your browser:

PsychoBabel Books in Oxfordshire and Skoob Books in London (Russell Square Tube) are solely owned by Chris Edwards, 1 Churchward, Didcot, Oxfordshire. OX11 7HB. Prompt dispatch on clearance of payment. If any doubt about condition of book in addition to that described please e-mail or call. PsychoBabel & Skoob Books 1 Churchward, Didcot, Oxfordshire. OX11 7HB Telephone 01235 861411 VAT Regi...

Mehr Information

We post every weekday! All shipping quotes are based on fast efficient service with the best possible packaging.
Standard charge is based on average weight of books - about 0.9Kg. Heavy items (over 1.5Kg) may require extra postage depending on destination. We'll e-mail you if necessary.

Alle Bücher des Anbieters anzeigen

akzeptiert von diesem Verkäufer

Visa Mastercard American Express Carte Bleue

PayPal Bankwechsel Banküberweisung