Spintronics manipulates individual magnetic moments to integrate logic functions and non-volatile information storage on the same platform. As is often the case in condensed matter science, advances are made through the synthesis of novel materials and high quality new physics materials. Giant magnetoresistance and dilute magnetic semiconductors are two such examples. However, the remarkable potential of spintronics for quantum computation faces major challenges when it comes to controlling simultaneously several qbits encoded in magnetic moments. After a brief introduction to concepts in nanomagnetism and spintronics, the text reviews recent techniques and their achievements in the synthesis and fabrication of magnetic nanostructures. The methods presented here emphasize bottom up or top down approaches for nanodots, nanowires and thin films. They include: focused ion beam irradiation, electron beam-induced chemical vapour deposition, chemical, and electrochemical methods. The later part of the book reviews magnetoelectric materials, the giant magnetoresistance in magnetic superlattices, dynamics effects in spin transfer torque oscillators, dilute magnetic oxides, rare earth nitrides with nuclear resonance scattering, and Mössbauer spectroscopy in spintronics. Finally, the last part of this book discusses applications to magnetic storage and bio-magnetism.
Nanomagnetism and Spintronics will be useful to graduate students and researchers and engineers in the field of nanoscience.
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Nanomagnetism and spintronics are two close subfields of nanoscience, explaining the effect of substantial magnetic properties of matter when the materials fabrication is realized at a comparable length size. Nanomagnetism deals with the magnetic phenomena specific to the structures having dimensions in the submicron range. The fact that the electronic transport properties of materials are dependent on the magnetic properties' artificial nanostructures, i.e., giant magnetoresistance (GMR) or tunneling magnetoresistance (TMR), has revolutionized spintronics science and technology.
This book explains the concepts of nanomagnetism and spintronics by viewing the most recent research works from internationally distinguished research groups. Placing special emphasis on crucial fundamental and technical aspects of nanomagnetism and spintronics, it serves as a one-stop reference for universities offering postgraduate programs in nanotechnology or related disciplines. This unique book deals with all three stages required for conducting research in nanomagnetism and spintronics including fabrication, characterization and applications of nanomagnetic and spintronics materials, providing general concepts and an insightful overview of this subject for research students and scientists from different backgrounds investigating the multidisciplinary area of nanotechnology.
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