Epiphanius, monastic founder and bishop of Salamis on Cyprus for almost 40 years of the fourth century, threw heart and soul into the controversies of the time and produced the "Panarion" or "Medicine Chest," an historical encyclopedia of sects and heresies and their refutations. Book I, concerned chiefly with Gnostic and Jewish Christian groups, deals with material which is also found in Nag Hammadi and other Gnostic writings and in such patristic authors as Irenaeus, Hippolytus et al, and reproduces documents not available elsewhere. Its translation has been found useful by students of Nag Hammadi and Gnosticism, patrologists, historians of religion, church historians, students of Judaism, and the theologically minded public.
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Frank Williams, D.Phil. (1961) Oxford University, is retired from the Religious Studies Program at the University of Texas at El Paso. He has translated the whole of Epiphanius Panarion and published works on the Nag Hammadi tractates and the Codex Tchacos (Gospel of Judas).Language Notes:
Text: English (translation)
Original Language: Greek
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