Evald Ilyenkov did original work on the materialist development of Hegel's dialectics, notable for his account of concrete universals. His works include Dialectical Logic (Russian, 1974; English trans. 1977), Leninist Dialectics and the Metaphysics of Positivism (Russian, 1980 (posthum.); English trans. 1982) and The Dialectics of the Abstract and Concrete in Marx's Capital (Russian, 1960; English trans. 1982). Ilyenkov committed suicide in 1979. David Bakhurst wrote in his article; "Meaning, Normativity and the Life of Mind": Ilyenkov was important in the revival of Russian Marxist philosophy after the dark days of Stalinism. In the early 1960s, he produced significant work in two main areas. First he wrote at length on Marx's dialectical method ( the method of ascent from the abstract to concrete ). This work, though it now seems obscure, has an important political sub-text: its critique of empiricism is aimed at the positivism and scientism that Ilyenkov thought prevalent in Soviet political and intellectual culture. Second, Ilyenkov developed a distinct solution to what he called the problem of the ideal; that is, the problem of the place of the non-material in the natural world. The latter involves a resolute defence of the objectivity of ideal phenomena, which are said to exist as aspects of our spiritual culture, embodied in our environment. ... there are important continuities between Ilyenkov s ideas and controversies in Soviet philosophy and psychology in the 1920s and 30s, particularly ... with Vygotsky s socio-historical psychology... After the insightful writings of the early 1960s, his inspiration diminished as the political climate became more oppressive. ... He died in 1979, by his own hand.Críticas:
On the book? Ilyenkov without the unnecessary introductions by writers who use the opportunity to press on the reader their own particular interests and ideas. In the age of electronic communication, if desired, commentary can be found by a bit of finger play on keyboard or screen. 9,290 results on Google to "Dialectic Logic: Essays on Its History and Theory" On Ilyenkov? Among the more interesting and intelligent Soviet thinkers tragically persecuted and ignored by an unimaginative bureaucracy of a repressive and otherwise incompetent regime. A must read for a practical representation of Marxian theory. --By Victor Friedlander on October 6, 2012
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