The Physics of the B Factories

ISBN 13: 9783662449905

The Physics of the B Factories

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9783662449905: The Physics of the B Factories
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<P>THIS COMPREHENSIVE WORK THOROUGHLY INTRODUCES AND REVIEWS THE SET OF RESULTS FROM BELLE AND BABAR - AFTER MORE THAN TWO DECADES OF INDEPENDENT AND COMPLEMENTARY WORK - ALL THE WAY FROM THE DETECTORS AND THE ANALYSIS TOOLS USED, UP TO THE PHYSICS RESULTS, AND THE INTERPRETATION OF THESE RESULTS.</P><P>THE WORLD’S TWO GIANT B FACTORY COLLABORATIONS, BELLE AT KEK AND BABAR AT SLAC, HAVE SUCCESSFULLY COMPLETED THEIR MAIN MISSION TO DISCOVER AND QUANTIFY CP VIOLATION IN THE DECAYS OF B MESONS. CP VIOLATION IS A NECESSARY REQUIREMENT TO DISTINGUISH UNAMBIGUOUSLY BETWEEN MATTER AND ANTIMATTER. THE SHARED PRIMARY OBJECTIVE OF THE TWO B FACTORY EXPERIMENTS WAS TO DETERMINE THE SHAPE OF THE SO-CALLED UNITARITY TRIANGLE, AN ABSTRACT TRIANGLE REPRESENTING INTERACTIONS OF QUARKS, THE ELEMENTARY CONSTITUENTS OF MATTER. THE AREA OF THE TRIANGLE IS A MEASURE OF THE AMOUNT OF CP VIOLATION ASSOCIATED WITH THE WEAK FORCE.</P><P>MANY OTHER MEASUREMENTS HAVE BEEN PERFORMED BY THE B FACTORIES AND ARE ALSO DISCUSSED IN THIS WORK.</P>

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This comprehensive work thoroughly introduces and reviews the set of results from Belle and BaBar - after more than two decades of independent and complementary work - all the way from the detectors and the analysis tools used, up to the physics results, and the interpretation of these results.

The world’s two giant B Factory collaborations, Belle at KEK and BaBar at SLAC, have successfully completed their main mission to discover and quantify CP violation in the decays of B mesons. CP violation is a necessary requirement to distinguish unambiguously between matter and antimatter. The shared primary objective of the two B Factory experiments was to determine the shape of the so-called unitarity triangle, an abstract triangle representing interactions of quarks, the elementary constituents of matter. The area of the triangle is a measure of the amount of CP violation associated with the weak force.

Many other measurements have been performed by the B Factories and are also discussed in this work.

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