Motivating Cooperation and Compliance with Authority: The Role of Institutional Trust (Nebraska Symposium on Motivation)

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9783319161501: Motivating Cooperation and Compliance with Authority: The Role of Institutional Trust (Nebraska Symposium on Motivation)

This volume explores the various ways in which trust is thought about and studied in contemporary society. In doing so, it aims to advance both theoretical and methodological perspectives on trust. Trust is an important topic in this series because it raises issues of both motivation and emotion. Specifically, notions of trust and fairness motivate individuals to behave in a manner they deem appropriate when responding to governmental authority. On the emotions-related side, individuals have emotional responses to institutions with authority over their lives, such as the city government or the Supreme Court, depending on whether they perceive the institutions as legitimate. The public’s trust and confidence in governmental institutions are frequently claimed as essential to the functioning of democracy), spawning considerable research and commentary. For those in the law and social sciences, the tendency is to focus on the criminal justice system in general and the courts in particular. However, other public institutions also need trust and confidence in order not only to promote democracy but also to assure effective governance, facilitate societal interactions, and optimize organizational productivity. Not surprisingly, therefore, important research and commentary is found in literatures that focus on issues ranging from social sciences to natural resources, from legislatures to executive branch agencies, from brick and mortar businesses to online commerce, from health and medicine to schools, from international development to terrorism, etc. This volume integrates these various approaches to trust from these disciplines, with the goal of fostering a truly interdisciplinary dialogue. By virtue of this interdisciplinary focus, the volume should have broad appeal for researchers and instructors in a variety of disciplines: psychology, sociology, political science, criminal justice, social justice practitioners, economics and other areas.

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From the Back Cover:

This volume explores the various ways that trust is thought about in contemporary society and studied by social scientists. Specifically, it focuses on the role of trust as a major contributing factor in compliance with authority. Cross-disciplinary research findings by leading experts link new ways of looking at trust and its measurement to emerging areas for understanding and fostering cooperation with such entities as governments, law enforcement, the courts, and scientists. These multiple viewpoints help to explain why trust remains hard to define across disciplines, as chapter authors explore the role of morality in compliance, political implications of trust, and key trust-related concepts such as legitimacy, justice, and risk. In addition, the book explores the nuanced relationship between institutional and interpersonal trust.

 

Included among the topics:

 

  • Reflections on the many meanings and uses of trust.
  • The interrelated roles of justice and trust.
  • Who trusts the trial courts, how much, and why?
  • On the dual motivational force of legitimacy.
  • Political trust in polarized times.
  • Fostering an appropriate level of public trust in experts.

 Motivating Cooperation and Compliance with Authority: The Role of Institutional Trust sheds impressive light on its subject for researchers and instructors in a variety of disciplines, such as psychology, sociology, political science, criminal justice, social justice, economics, and public policy. At a time when many see trust in authority as declining, this book is an insightful and exceptionally timely compilation for all those interested in the fundamental workings of society.

About the Author:

Brian Bornstein is Professor of Psychology and Courtesy Professor of Law at UNL. He started at the university in 2000. He is a member of the Law-Psychology, Social, and Cognitive psychology programs. He has served as Interim Director of the Social-Personality and Law-Psychology programs and is presently Associate Director of the Law-Psychology program. He received his Ph.D. in psychology from the University of Pennsylvania in 1991 and a Master of Legal Studies from the University of Nebraska in 2001. Dr. Bornstein's research efforts focus primarily on how juries, especially in civil cases, make decisions, and the reliability of eyewitness memory. Additional areas of focus are in applying decision-making principles to everyday judgment tasks, as in medical decision making and distributive and procedural justice. He teaches courses on human memory, psychology and law, decision making, and history of psychology at the graduate and undergraduate levels. His latest books are the Handbook of Trial Consulting (co-edited with Richard Wiener, Springer Publishing, 2011) and Trauma, Stress and Wellbeing in the Legal System (co-edited with Monica Miller, Oxford University Press, 2013). He is co-editor of the journal Psychology, Crime & Law, the NYU Press Psychology & Crime book series, and the Springer Advances in Psychology & Law book series.

Alan Tomkins is the Director of the University of Nebraska Public Policy Center, located off-campus at the Lincoln Community Foundation Building (215 Centennial Mall, South, Suite 401, Lincoln, NE 68588-0308). He was named director when the PPC was created in July, 1998. Dr. Tomkins is also a Professor in the UNL Law/Psychology Program.

Dr. Tomkins received a B. A. degree from Boston University (1975) with a joint major in Psychology and Philosophy. He earned a J. D. and Ph.D. in Social Psychology from Washington University in St. Louis in 1984. He joined the faculty of the Law/Psychology Program at the University of Nebraska-Lincoln in 1986. Prior to coming to UNL, Dr. Tomkins was a Research Associate at the Federal Judicial Center, a Visiting Assistant Professor of Psychology at the University of Illinois, Urbana-Champaign and a Research Assistant Professor at St. Louis University. He also has served as a Visiting Professor of Law at the University of Southampton (England) and as a Visiting Scholar of Psychology at Yonsei University (Seoul, Korea). In 2005-06 Tomkins served as William J. Clinton Distinguished Fellow at the University of Arkansas Clinton School of Public Service while also continuing as director the Public Policy Center.

His policy research interests include mental health policy, community health and human services, the use of information for decision making, and stakeholder input into the policy process. Dr. Tomkins is co-editor Court Review, the journal of the American Judges Association. Previously, he served as co-Editor and then Editor of the interdisciplinary journal, Behavioral Sciences & the Law from 1989-2001 and served on the editorial board for Law & Human Behavior since 1991 and on Expert Evidence: The International Digest of Human Behaviour Science and Law from 1998-2001. He is a Fellow of the American-Psychology Law Society, Division 41 of the American Psychological Association.

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Brian H. Bornstein
Verlag: Springer-Verlag Gmbh Mai 2015 (2015)
ISBN 10: 3319161504 ISBN 13: 9783319161501
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Buchbeschreibung Springer-Verlag Gmbh Mai 2015, 2015. Buch. Buchzustand: Neu. Neuware - This volume explores the various ways in which trust is thought about and studied in contemporary society. In doing so, it aims to advance both theoretical and methodological perspectives on trust. Trust is an important topic in this series because it raises issues of both motivation and emotion. Specifically, notions of trust and fairness motivate individuals to behave in a manner they deem appropriate when responding to governmental authority. On the emotions-related side, individuals have emotional responses to institutions with authority over their lives, such as the city government or the Supreme Court, depending on whether they perceive the institutions as legitimate. The public's trust and confidence in governmental institutions are frequently claimed as essential to the functioning of democracy), spawning considerable research and commentary. For those in the law and social sciences, the tendency is to focus on the criminal justice system in general and the courts in particular. However, other public institutions also need trust and confidence in order not only to promote democracy but also to assure effective governance, facilitate societal interactions, and optimize organizational productivity. Not surprisingly, therefore, important research and commentary is found in literatures that focus on issues ranging from social sciences to natural resources, from legislatures to executive branch agencies, from brick and mortar businesses to online commerce, from health and medicine to schools, from international development to terrorism, etc. This volume integrates these various approaches to trust from these disciplines, with the goal of fostering a truly interdisciplinary dialogue. By virtue of this interdisciplinary focus, the volume should have broad appeal for researchers and instructors in a variety of disciplines: psychology, sociology, political science, criminal justice, social justice practitioners, economics and other areas. 221 pp. Englisch. Artikel-Nr. 9783319161501

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