Marshall McLuhan described the so-called Gutenberg-Galaxy - a culture based on books, which in his opinion would come to an end due to the electronic media at the end of the 20th century - but it first emerged in Europe during the 12th to 15th centuries. Even before the invention of the printing press the written text became essential both for the intellectual development and the everyday activities of people. In various different fields and regions, the Sonderforschungsbereich 231 at Munster, has analysed these processes. The results of this work have gained an international reputation. SFB 231 'Pragmatic Literacy in the Middle Ages' completed its 13-year programme of research in December 1999. During this period 15 different workgroups (historians, theologians, philologists [Latin, German and English]) have analysed the changes taking place from a society based almost exclusively on oral communication to a culture which relies decisively on the written word. The European-wide phenomenon is examined mainly for Germany, Italy, the Low Countries, England and France. The written letter replaced the herald, and letters were not only exchanged between clerics and other 'literati', but also between merchants and their business partners and wives. What used to be an oral agreement between two men, witnessed by their relatives and friends, now became a notarial document. Property disputes were no longer decided by asking a council of elders but by consulting the newly established communal archives. The aim is to use the opportunities offered by this new medium to explain for each of the examples given, within seven or nine minutes, the complex findings of the SFB's research. An electronic medium is appropriate because it offers the possibility of combining pictures, graphs, charts, texts and verbal explanations. Sixteen different genres or milieux are demonstrated on this CD-ROM: (1) Bible Translation (2) Episcopal Chronicle.
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Buchbeschreibung Brepols Publishers 0, Versand an Institutionen auch gegen Rechnung. Hardcover. Buchzustand: Verlagsfrisch New copy. Versand an Institutionen auch gegen Rechnung (illustrator). Verlagsfrisch New copy Utrecht Studies in Medieval Literacy USML 6 : English Transforming the Medieval World Uses of Pragmatic Literacy in the Middle Ages. A CD-ROM and Book X+312 p., CD, 160 x 240 mm, 2006 ISBN: 978-2-503-51166-5 Languages: English, German Hardback The publication is available. Retail price: EUR 55 When viewed retrospectively, the period between the eleventh and the fifteenth centuries was a phase of European history that was characterized by a radical and fundamental media transformation. Before this time, the vast majority of the population had never encountered the written word in their day-to-day activities. From the beginning of the second millennium, however, texts began to appear in, and influence, almost every sphere of human life. Medieval written texts were subject to revision, copying, embellishments, and deletions; they were read silently and aloud, and they were recited in a variety of contexts. This CD-ROM and book, Transforming the Medieval World, presents these changes dynamically by linking texts and images from this period, and by providing detailed commentaries on each of them. The multimedia environment offered on the CD visualizes these textual transformations and illustrates the adaptability and dynamism of writing and its reception. The uses of writing in this early phase of intensive European literacy are analysed in eleven separate multimedia presentations, which are almost all based on research carried out by the Special Research Unit (SFB) between 1986 and 1999. The CD also contains an anthology of important essays, which provide the user with further reading materials, as well as a general bibliography. The book which accompanies the CD-ROM facilitates the use of the CD itself, and provides the various multimedia presentations in written format. As such, Transforming the Medieval World will be invaluable to both scholars and students interested in medieval literacy. Buch. Artikel-Nr. 2134