During the last two decades the development in computer technology has been enormous. This development has of course also influenced the development of ecological models; the models of today are much larger. For instance 3D-models that were hardly used twenty years ago due to the required computer time are generally in use to day. Models considering the spatial distribution are now regularly used whenever a spatial distribution is of importance for the modelling results; it was impossible to run most spatial distribution models on personal computers twenty years ago. As a result, several new model types have emerged, and they are able to solve modeling problems formulated in the 1970s. Ecological modelling and informatics are two very recent sub-disciplines of ecology. They have opened-up a number of new possibilities for synthesizing and quantifying knowledge in ecology, which is urgently needed in modern environmental management. With the ecological crisis that can be foreseen in the 21st century due to a rapidly expanding population in many countries, rapidly decreasing natural resources in all countries and significant global climate changes, there will be a growing need for ecological modelling and informatics. This handbook will contribute to wider development and application of quantitative ecological approaches, and gives an overview of all modelling types and network calculations that are in use today. The CD included with the book shows 12 different models/network calculations to illustrate the various types and also three softwares that make it possible to develop your own models. With the book in hand, the user has an excellent tool to understand what the various model types/network calculations can do and when to use which type as a tool to solve a specific problem. The CD with diagrams makes the tool unique and particularly illustrative.Biografía del autor:
Sven Jorgensen is Professor Emeritus at the Department of Pharmaceutics and Analytical Chemistry in the Faculty of Pharmaceutical Sciences, University of Copenhagen, Denmark. His research interests include Systems ecology, Ecological modeling, Ecological engineering, Environmental science, and Environmental management of aquatic systems. He is the author of Eco-Exergy as Sustainability (published by WIT Press in 2006) and has written or co-authored numerous papers in his field. He has also served as Editor in chief for the Encyclopedia of Ecology (2004), as Editor-in-Chief of Ecological Modelling (1974), and as Distinguished Visiting Professor at Ohio State University (1991). Tae-Soo Chon (Ph.D., University of Hawaii at Manoa) is professor of Ecology and Behavior Systems in the Division of Biological Sciences at Pusan National University, Korea. He is the co-author of numerous research papers on Ecological modeling and mathematical biology applied to behavior and ecology; Ecological informatics in data analysis; Community dynamics of benthic macro-invertebrates in streams; Water quality evaluation and quantification of ecosystem quality; Spatially explicit models in population dispersal; Computational behaviors in response to disturbances; and In-situ behavioral biomonitoring. He is Associate Editor of International Journal of Ecological Informatics , co-editor of International Journal of Ecodynamics and services on the Editorial boards of Ecological Modelling, The ScientificWorld, International Journal of Limnology, Ecological Research, and Encyclopedia of Ecology. Friedrich A. Recknagel is an associate professor in the Ecology & Evolutionary Biology in the School of Earth and Environmental Science at the University of Adelaide in Australia where he serves as course coordinator for Freshwater Ecology, Integrated Catchment Management , and Ecosystem Modelling. His research interests include Lake Eutrophication and Algal Blooms, Catchment Management by Constructed Wetlands, Ecosystem Ecology, Ecosystem Modelling, and Ecological Informatics. He is also Editor-in-Chief of the international journal Ecological Informatics, a member of the Editorial Board of the international journal Ecological Modelling, a member of the CRC for Water Quality and Treatment, and a member of the Water Research Cluster and the Research Institute for Climate Change at the University of Adelaide
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