The Fundamental Principles of Mulla Sadra's Transcendent Philosophy

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9781441580795: The Fundamental Principles of Mulla Sadra's Transcendent Philosophy

Mulla Sadra known also as Sadr al Muta allihin the greatest Iranian Muslim philosopher and founding father of the Transcendent Philosophy was born in Shiraz Iran in the year 1571 and died in 1641 His writings focus on philosophy and commentaries on the Qur an and Al Usul Al Kafi His most important philosophical writings include Al Asfar Al Arba at Al Aqliyyah Al Shawahid Al Rububiyya Al Hikamat Al Arshiyya Kitab Al Masha ir and Al Mabda wa Al Ma ad The present work consists of five chapters written on two categories The Transcendent Philosophy and Mulla Sadra s School and Comparative Studies of Mulla Sadra and Other Philosophers Several years of work enabled Dr Akbarian to complete some parts of this project which concerns the relation of Mulla Sadra to the totality of the Islamic tradition and the characteristics of his Transcendent Philosophy being used in its original sense We hope therefore that in this form the work will serve as a complete introduction to the teachings of Sadr al Muta allihin in philosophy as well as aid in making better known the doctrine of Mulla Sadra in synthesising between revelation illumination and ratiocination in a world which is suffering so grievously as a result of it having separated these paths to the Truth from each other Chapter One of this book discusses the question of what Transcendent Philosophy is When we turn to the writings of Mulla Sadra himself we do not find any passages in which he explicitly designates his own school as Transcendent Philosophy al hikmat al muta aliyah Mulla Sadra expands the meaning of falsafah to include the dimension of illumination and realisation as implied by the ishraqi and also Sufi understanding of the term For him as for his contemporaries as well as most of his successors falsafah or philosophy was perceived as the supreme science of ultimately divine origin derived from the niche of prophecy and the hukama as the most perfect of human beings sta

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About the Author:

One of the distinguished experts on Islamic philosophy, Reza Akbarian is an Associate Professor of Islamic Philosophy at Tarbiat Modares University in Iran. He received his advanced education at Tehran University and Tarbiat Modares University, and his advanced level in religious studies in Qum. He returned to Tarbiat Modares University in 1992 and has been teaching there since, and has also served there as Dean of the Faculty of Humanity. He also founded the Sadra Institute for Higher Education and served as its president. He is the author of over twelve books and numerous articles on philosophy in Persian, English and Arabic.

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