‘Beethoven – His Spiritual Development’ was written by J.W.N. Sullivan, first published in 1927. John William Navin Sullivan (1886-1937) was a popular writer on science and literature, but his study of Beethoven was his most celebrated work. A modern day polymath, Sullivan also wrote one of the earliest accounts of Einstein’s ‘General Theory of Relativity’ and circulated amongst the literary elite of London, including Aldous Huxley, Wyndham Lewis and T.S. Eliot. This text contains an author biography, briefly detailing Sullivan’s life, as well as thematic chapters split into two parts. Book one deals with themes such as ‘art and reality’, ‘music as isolated’ and ‘music as expression.’ Book two deals with more specific issues, such as ‘Beethoven’s characteristics’ his ‘Hammerclavier Sonata’, ‘relationship with God’ and the ‘Last Quartets.’ This book is essential reading for anyone interested in musical theory and history – an insightful and engaging read.
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Great men, especially creative artists whose work lives after them, engage people's imagination for centuries. Beethoven, as man and composer, has inspired innumerable books both by his contemporaries and later writers, and it is proof of his endlessly fascinating, controversial nature that they all throw a different light on some aspect of his life and work. Since J.W.N. Sullivan wrote his book in 1927, much new information about Beethoven, his character, his illnesses, and his relationships has come to light, but it is still a valid contribution to the literature on the composer. Sullivan's basic theory is that Beethoven's greatness lies in his extraordinary perceptions, his heightened experiences and "states of consciousness," and his ability to organize and synthesize these into a musical expression of a "view of life." He asserts that Beethoven's initial despairing, then defiant struggle against his suffering--especially his deafness and resulting isolation--gives his middle-period works their heroism, and that his ultimate acceptance of it as necessary to his creativity marks the peak of his "spirituality" and gives his latest works their unparalleled sublimity.
Like many biographies, the book reveals more about the author than the subject. Sullivan, who is not a musician, offers some interesting, if sometimes extravagantly extramusical, analyses of Beethoven's works (though elsewhere he decries injecting "meaning" into music). He sees Beethoven's late fugues as outbursts of "blind and desperate energy," another battle with hostile fate; many musicians see them as another battle with counterpoint. He also makes subjective, high-handed value judgments: he detests Wagner and dismisses Bach as too religious, while Haydn and Mozart are too shallow to equal Beethoven's struggle-generated "spirituality." The book also brings up questions about beauty and greatness in art, the relationship between moral character and genius, and the impact of a man's personal experiences upon his creativity--all age-old but forever timely. --Edith EislerFrom the Back Cover:
From the Author's Preface:
"I believe that in his greatest music Beethoven was primarily concerned to express his personal vision of life. This vision was, of course, the product of his character and his experience. Beethoven the man and Beethoven the composer are not two unconnected entities, and the known history of the man may be used to throw light upon the character of his music."
Clifton Fadiman has said of this classic study:
"It is the most interesting book on music that I have ever read and it is not written for musical experts; rather for people like myself who like to listen to music but can boast no special knowledge of it. It deals not only with music, on which I do not speak with authority, but with human life in general, about which you and I speak with authority every day of our lives."
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