Stochastic Partial Differential Equations : A Modeling, White Noise Functional Approach (Probability and Its Applications)

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9780817639280: Stochastic Partial Differential Equations : A Modeling, White Noise Functional Approach (Probability and Its Applications)

This book is based on research that, to a large extent, started around 1990, when a research project on fluid flow in stochastic reservoirs was initiated by a group including some of us with the support of VISTA, a research coopera­ tion between the Norwegian Academy of Science and Letters and Den norske stats oljeselskap A.S. (Statoil). The purpose of the project was to use stochastic partial differential equations (SPDEs) to describe the flow of fluid in a medium where some of the parameters, e.g., the permeability, were stochastic or "noisy". We soon realized that the theory of SPDEs at the time was insufficient to handle such equations. Therefore it became our aim to develop a new mathematically rigorous theory that satisfied the following conditions. 1) The theory should be physically meaningful and realistic, and the corre­ sponding solutions should make sense physically and should be useful in applications. 2) The theory should be general enough to handle many of the interesting SPDEs that occur in reservoir theory and related areas. 3) The theory should be strong and efficient enough to allow us to solve th,~se SPDEs explicitly, or at least provide algorithms or approximations for the solutions.

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From the Back Cover:

The first edition of Stochastic Partial Differential Equations: A Modeling, White Noise Functional Approach, gave a comprehensive introduction to SPDEs driven by space-time Brownian motion noise. In this, the second edition, the authors extend the theory to include SPDEs  driven by space-time Lévy process noise, and introduce new applications of the field.

Because the authors allow the noise to be in both space and time, the solutions to SPDEs are usually of the distribution type, rather than a classical random field. To make this study rigorous and as general as possible, the discussion of SPDEs is therefore placed in the context of Hida white noise theory. The key connection between white noise theory and SPDEs is that integration with respect to Brownian random fields can be expressed as integration with respect to the Lebesgue measure of the Wick product of the integrand with Brownian white noise, and similarly with Lévy processes.

The first part of the book deals with the classical Brownian motion case. The second extends it to the Lévy white noise case. For SPDEs of the Wick type, a general solution method is given by means of the Hermite transform, which turns a given SPDE into a parameterized family of deterministic PDEs. Applications of this theory are emphasized throughout. The stochastic pressure equation for fluid flow in porous media is treated, as are applications to finance.

Graduate students in pure and applied mathematics as well as researchers in SPDEs, physics, and engineering will find this introduction indispensible. Useful exercises are collected at the end of each chapter.

From the reviews of the first edition:

"The authors have made significant contributions to each of the areas. As a whole, the book is well organized and very carefully written and the details of the proofs are basically spelled out... This is a rich and demanding book... It will be of great value for students of probability theory or SPDEs with an interest in the subject, and also for professional probabilists."   ―Mathematical Reviews

"...a comprehensive introduction to stochastic partial differential equations."   ―Zentralblatt MATH

About the Author:

Helge Holden is a professor of mathematics at the Norwegian University of Science and Technology and an adjunt professor at the Center of Mathematics for Applications, part of the University of Oslo.  He has done extensive research in stochastic analysis, in particular in its application to flow in porous media.

Bernt Øksendal is a professor at the Center of Mathematics for Applications at the University of Oslo.  He is a winner of the Nansen Prize for research in stochastic analysis and its applications.

Jan Ubøe is a professor in the Department of Finance and Management Sciences at the Norwegian School of Economics and Business Administration.  He has written many papers about this subject.

Tusheng Zhang is a professor of probability at the University of Manchester.  His current area of research is stochastic differential and partial differential equations, and he recently published a monograph on fractional Brownian fields with Bernt Øksendal and others.

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