Alon Confino interprets the Holocaust by focusing on the culture that allowed the Germans to imagine a world without Jews. Confino compares Holocaust research with historians' interpretations of the French Revolution and pinpoints aspects of Nazi and German imagination that made the persecution and extermination both conceivable and possible.
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'One of the most thoughtful, exciting, and original responses to the Holocaust to have appeared in years, Foundational Pasts is a concise and trenchant study that opens up new ways of conceiving of the Nazi genocide of the Jews. With its emphasis on Nazism and the Holocaust as problems of cultural history, Confino's book will generate much discussion and will be a major stimulus to further reflection on how the Holocaust should be interpreted by historians.' Dan Stone, Royal Holloway, University of London
'The Nazis claimed to replace the 'ideas of 1789' with those of '1933'. Provocatively using the French Revolution as a historical foil, Alon Confino contends that the Nazis' exterminationist fantasy about Jews was at once rooted in German-Christian culture and a revolutionary attempt to inaugurate a new temporal order. This erudite, calm, and accessible meditation challenges contemporary explanations of the Holocaust by showing that, while genocide may be rationally approached, its irrationality and emotionality threaten to elude our analytical grasp.' A. Dirk Moses, European University Institute
'Foundational Pasts is … an evocative account of Holocaust historiography, which invites historians to probe their traditional ways of reconstructing the past.' German Studies Review
'Alon Confino's Foundational Pasts is a deeply ambitious and very welcome historiographical intervention into the field of Holocaust studies … Exploring the conceptual and methodological frameworks of Holocaust historians from the inside out, Confino lays out his case, skilfully and meticulously arriving at his substantive conclusions regarding Nazi motive with impressive argumentative and analytical skill. His book is a tour de force of originality and erudition, providing us not just with a masterful discourse of the most important currents in Holocaust scholarship, but also with an indication of the most urgent questions that future research may soon seek to answer.' Richard Steigmann-Gall, German History
'Confino's short Foundational Pasts is a masterpiece, a sublime and thought-provoking book which challenges us to think differently not just about the Holocaust but about the ways in which we conceptualize history.' Journal of Contemporary History
Alon Confino seeks to rethink dominant interpretations of the Holocaust by examining it as a problem in cultural history. As the main research interests of Holocaust scholars are frequently covered terrain - the anti-Semitic ideological campaign, the machinery of killing, the brutal massacres during the war - Confino's research goes in a new direction. He analyzes the culture and sensibilities that made it possible for the Nazis and other Germans to imagine the making of a world without Jews. Confino seeks these insights from the ways historians interpreted another short, violent and foundational event in modern European history - the French Revolution. The comparison of the ways we understand the Holocaust with scholars' interpretations of the French Revolution allows Confino to question some of the basic assumptions of present-day historians concerning historical narration, explanation and understanding.
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