This book presents a major innovation in the interest rate space. It explains a financially motivated extension of the LIBOR Market model which accurately reproduces the prices for plain vanilla hedging instruments (swaptions and caplets) of all strikes and maturities produced by the SABR model. The authors show how to accurately recover the whole of the SABR smile surface using their extension of the LIBOR market model. This is not just a new model, this is a new way of option pricing that takes into account the need to calibrate as accurately as possible to the plain vanilla reference hedging instruments and the need to obtain prices and hedges in reasonable time whilst reproducing a realistic future evolution of the smile surface. It removes the hard choice between accuracy and time because the framework that the authors provide reproduces today's market prices of plain vanilla options almost exactly and simultaneously gives a reasonable future evolution for the smile surface.
The authors take the SABR model as the starting point for their extension of the LMM because it is a good model for European options. The problem, however with SABR is that it treats each European option in isolation and the processes for the various underlyings (forward and swap rates) do not talk to each other so it isn't obvious how to relate these processes into the dynamics of the whole yield curve. With this new model, the authors bring the dynamics of the various forward rates and stochastic volatilities under a single umbrella. To ensure the absence of arbitrage they derive drift adjustments to be applied to both the forward rates and their volatilities. When this is completed, complex derivatives that depend on the joint realisation of all relevant forward rates can now be priced.
THE THEORETICAL SET-UP
The Libor Market model
The SABR Model
The LMM-SABR Model
IMPLEMENTATION AND CALIBRATION
Calibrating the LMM-SABR model to Market Caplet prices
Calibrating the LMM/SABR model to Market Swaption Prices
Calibrating the Correlation Structure
The Empirical problem
Estimating the volatility of the forward rates
Estimating the correlation structure
Estimating the volatility of the volatility
Hedging the Volatility Structure
Hedging the Correlation Structure
Hedging in conditions of market stress
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The authors take two market standards, the SABR and the LIBOR Market Model (LMM) and produce a coherent synthesis for the pricing of complex interest rate derivatives. The SABR model has become the market standard to recover the price of European options. Its main strengths are its financial justifiability, and its ability to recover the dynamics of the smile evolution when the underlying changes. However, the SABR model treats each European option in isolation. The processes for forward rates and swap rates cannot easily be combined to create coherent dynamics for the entire yield curve.
With their new model, the authors bring the dynamics of the various forward rates and stochastic volatilities under a single measure, and derive ‘drift adjustments’ to ensure the absence of arbitrage and to allow for the pricing of complex derivatives. The credible evolution of future smiles generated by the model is essential to complex derivatives pricing as it determines future prices for caplets and swaptions and therefore plausible re-hedging costs.
The authors calibrate their model to hedging instruments in a way that is both accurate and extremely simple. They also propose a pragmatic hedging approach, inspired by work done with the two-state Markov-chain approach which relies on the empirical regularities of the dynamics of the smile surface and the robustness of the fits proposed. The final chapter considers ‘survival’ hedging in times of market turmoil. It does so by providing a set of transactions that can protect the value of a complex derivatives book in a stressed market.
The extension of the LMM model provides a valid description of the financial reality while retaining tractability, computational speed and ease of calibration. The goal for the new model is to offer the ability to reduce uncertainty in market prices to an acceptable minimum by making as judicious a use as possible of the econometric information available. The grounding in empirical information of the modelling approach utilised by the authors differentiates this title from the stochastic-calculus-heavy, but empirically light, work of others.
The title will be of interest to quantitative analysts, quantitative developers, risk managers and traders in complex derivatives.From the Inside Flap:
“This is the best of Rebonato’s books. The conversational spirit of the previous manuscripts is here pleasantly retained. But, the value added is the mathematical rigor that permeates the description of the proposed model. Definitely a must.”
Fabio Mercurio, Senior Quantitative Analyst, Bloomberg New York
“A book that has all the hallmarks of Riccardo Rebonato: rigorous theory, up-to-date market knowledge, practical application, and empirical testing to destruction. This time, with co-authors, he applies himself to the most central banking market: LIBOR-related contracts.”
Ian Cooper, Professor of Finance, London Business School
“In this concise book Riccardo Rebonato and his co-authors introduce a new financially motivated model combining the best features of the Libor Market and SABR models. The authors provide a useful roadmap to pricing, calibrating, and hedging interest rate derivatives in the new framework. The book will be of interest to practitioners and academics alike.”
Alexander Lipton, Managing Director, Merrill Lynch and Visiting Professor, Imperial College
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