foreword by Frederick Crews Psychoanalysis: science or belief system? Since its initial publication this critique of Freud's methods for gathering and evaluating evidence has become a classic in Freud scholarship. Malcolm Macmillan's exhaustive analysis of Freud's personality theory describes the logical and other assumptions on which Freud's work was based and shows how these assumptions interacted with his clinical observations to produce all-embracing but faulty methods for gathering and evaluating evidence.Macmillan provides a meticulous account of the historical evolution of Freud's thought and its background in Freud's contacts with the books and people that influenced him and evaluates the entirety of the Freudian system. Included is a compilation of major criticisms of the methodology and assumptions of Freudian theory and a new comprehensive afterword by the author surveying the relevant literature published since 1989.(cloth published by Elsevier-North Holland in 1991)
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Malcolm Macmillan is Adjunct Professor in the School of Psychology at Deakin University, Australia.Review:
The book entitled Freud Evaluated by Malcolm Macmillan is a product of many years of intensive labor. In his foreword, Frederick Crews states that the glory days of psychoanalysis are long gone and that this book assures that it is time for reason to prevail.(Ernest R. Hilgard, Professor of Psychology Emeritus, Stanford University)
Macmillan's book is one that the serious student of Freud, and of his theoretical claims, simply cannot do without. To his intellectual credit, Macmillan has given psychoanalytic apologists a fair, and more than fair, hearing. Commentators of the next century who are interested in understanding why a hundred years after Freud, psychoanalytic theory began undergoing a thorough revision, will use Macmillan's text as a point of departure. An extraordinary work.(John Kerr, author of A Most Dangerous Method: The Story of Jung, Freud, and Sabina Spielrein)
Aside from Ernest Jones's and Peter Gay's hagiographies, it is clear that there are three great Freud books in this century: Frank Sulloway's biography, which places Freud clearly as a biologist and a scientist. Adolph Grunbaum's critique, which views Freud from the perspective of the philosophy of science. And Malcolm Macmillan's book, which applies to Freud the standard which he always presented himself as seeking: a scientific psychologist. Macmillan does something absolutely unique and unexpected: he goes to the sources that Freud cited as the basis for his views, and finds that in almost every case Freud misunderstood or misrepresented what was there. It is an unbelievably important book and it will challenge psychoanalysis into the next century.(John F. Kihlstrom, Professor, Department of Psychology, Yale University)
Macmillan's monumental book represents the culmination of two decades of research into the origins and validity of Freud's psychoanalytic ideas. In the course of a penetrating critique of Freud's methods and findings, Macmillan demonstrates convincingly just where Freud went wrong. Freud Evaluated provides a brilliant, rich, and indispensable contribution to the scientific appraisal of pscyhoanalysis.(Frank Sulloway, Program in Science, Technology, and Society, MIT)
"Although there may be a veritable torrent of books on Freud, there are few that can compare with this one in its historical breadth and detail and the comprehensiveness of its critique of Freudian theory... an important achievement... indispensable for any serious student of psychoanalytic theory." Morris N. Eagle, Contemporary Psychology
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