Book by Bayart JeanFranCois
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The concept of cultural identity has become for many a convenient explanation for most of the world s political problems. In The Illusion of Cultural Identity Jean-Francois Bayart offers a sustained critique of this rationalization by dispelling the notion that fixed cultural identities do, in fact, exist.
In this highly sophisticated book, Bayart shows that the very idea of cultural identity prevents us from grasping the cultural dimensions of political action and economic development. Identities, he argues, are fluid, never homogeneous, and are sometimes invented. Political repertoires are instead created through imagined, highly ambiguous aspects of culture what he calls imaginaires. For instance, the long beards worn by men in some fundamentalist groups are thought to be key to their core identities and thus in conflict with modern values. These beards, however, do not stand in the way of these men s use of technology or their embrace of capitalism an example Bayart uses to demonstrate the equivocality of cultural identity. The theoretical implications of Bayart s analysis emerge from a fascinating collection of historical examples that often surprise and always instruct.
Jean-Francois Bayart is director of studies at the Centre nationale de recherche scientifique and professor of African politics at the Institut d'etudes politiques in Paris. He is the author or coauthor of numerous books, including The State in Africa: Politics of the Bellyand The Criminalization of the State in Africa.
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