Poverty, increased inequality, and social exclusion are back on the political agenda, not only as a consequence of the Great Recession of 2008, but also because of a seemingly structural trend towards increased inequality in advanced industrial societies that has persisted since the 1970s. Policies in labor markets, social policy, and political representation are strongly linked in the creation, widening, and deepening of insider-outsider divides--a process known as dualization. While it is certainly not the only driver of increasing inequality, its development across multiple domains makes dualization one of the most important current trends affecting developed societies.
The comparative perspective of this book provides insights into why Nordic countries witness lower levels of insider-outsider divides, whereas in continental, liberal and southern welfare states, they are more likely to constitute a core characteristic of the political economy. Most importantly, the comparisons presented in this book point to the crucial importance of politics and political choice in driving and shaping the social outcomes of deindustrialization. While increased structural labor market divides can be found across all countries, governments have a strong responsibility in shaping the distributive consequences of these labor market changes. Insider-outsider divides are ultimately the result of political choice.
A landmark publication, this volume is geared for faculty and graduate students of economics, political science, social policy, and sociology, as well as policymakers concerned with increasing inequality in a period of deep economic and social crisis.
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Patrick Emmenegger, PhD, is Associate Professor at the University of Southern Denmark and its Centre for Welfare State Research.
Silja Häusermann, PhD, is Assistant Professor at the University of Konstanz.
Bruno Palier, PhD, is CNRS Research Professor at Sciences Po, Centre d'études européennes, Paris.
Martin Seeleib-Kaiser, PhD, is Professor of Comparative Social Policy and Politics at the Oxford Institute of Social Policy and Fellow of Green Templeton College, University of Oxford.
"This is a timely and significant contribution to current debates on the widening gap between insiders and outsiders in rich societies. Going beyond a structuralist view, this comparative study reveals the contentious politics as well as the dividing policies of employment deregulation and welfare retrenchment. Eminent experts map a variety of dualization patterns across continental European, Scandinavian, Anglophone, and Asian-Pacific welfare states. The book's essential message is that dualization is no necessity, but rather the result of divisive politics and dualist policies." -- Bernhard Ebbinghaus, Professor of Sociology, University of Mannheim
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