France and Germany have played a pivotal role in the history and politics of European integration. Yet, paradoxically, a study that systematically investigates the interrelated reality of Franco-German bilateralism and multilateral European integration has been conspicuously lacking. Formulating an approach the authors call "embedded bilateralism", this book offers exactly that. It scrutinizes in empirical and historical detail the bilateral Franco-German order and France and Germany's joint role in shaping Europe over the past half century. The book addresses two key questions regarding France and Germany in Europe from the Elysee Treaty to the twenty-first century: Why have France and Germany continued to hang together in an especially tight relationship for over five decades amidst frequently dramatic domestic change, lasting differences, and fundamental international transformation? And why has the joint Franco-German impact on shaping Europe's polity and European policies, while fundamental, proved so uneven across political domains and time? In answer to the first question, Shaping Europe argues that the actions and practices of the Franco-German order-its regularized bilateral intergovernmentalism, symbolic acts and practices, and parapublic underpinnings-together have rendered this bilateral connection historically resilient and politically adaptable. Regarding the second question, the book holds that different combinations of a limited number of factors located at the bilateral, domestic, regional European, and international levels explain central aspects of variation. Together, these factors condition and modulate France and Germany's joint impact on Europe. In pursuing its research questions, theoretical work, historical reconstructions, and empirical analyses, Shaping Europe fruitfully combines the study of European integration, EU politics and policymaking, Franco-German affairs, and French and German politics with general theorizing and conceptual grounding in international relations and political science.
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Ulrich Krotz previously taught at Oxford University and Brown University, and held various research positions at Princeton, the EUI, and Harvard. A native of Heidelberg, Germany, he received his Ph.D. in international relations and comparative politics from Cornell University. He is author of Flying Tiger: International Relations Theory and the Politics of Advanced Weapons (Oxford University Press, 2011) and History and Foreign Policy in France and Germany (Palgrave Macmillan, forthcoming). Recent journal publications have appeared in World Politics, International Security, the European Journal of International Relations, European Security, Foreign Policy Analysis, and the Journal of Common Market Studies. He is Professor at the European University Institute (EUI), where he holds the Chair in International Relations and European Politics both in the Political Science Department and the Robert Schuman Centre for Advanced Studies.
Joachim Schild was previously a researcher at the Franco-German Institute, Ludwigsburg, and at the leading German think tank for Foreign and Security Policy, the German Institute for International and Security Affairs (Stiftung Wissenschaft und Politik, SWP) in Berlin, and as a guest researcher at the Centre de Recherches Politiques (CEVIPOF) at Sciences Po, Paris. His books include Debating Europe: The European Parliament Elections, 2009 and Beyond (Nomos, 2011, edited with Robert Harmsen). He has published journal articles, among others, in the Journal of Common Market Studies and the Journal of European Public Policy. He is Professor of Comparative Politics at the University of Trier.
"For the 50th anniversary of the Elysée Treaty, Ulrich Krotz and Joachim Schild have provided all students of European and international politics with a special gift-a theoretically highly original, empirically rich, and historically informed analysis of Europe's most important relationship. This splendid book invites us to explore embedded bilateralism as a distinctive type of international relations. The rewards are fully commensurate with the political occasion this book marks." - Peter J. Katzenstein, Walter S. Carpenter, Jr. Professor of International Studies, Cornell University
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