Third Edition: Now updated with world DNA map.
Written by an Oxford University professor, this book maps out almost every aspect of the biological differences between different races.
It describes species and races (subspecies); hybrids; and those theories of evolution that allow the various groups of animals to be graded as more or less primitive or advanced.
Drawing on physical and cultural anthropology, palaeontology, prehistoric archaeology, art history, and nineteenth-century accounts of Africans until then secluded from contact with other human groups, this book features sections on Europids; the Jews; the Celts; the Australids; the Sanids (Bushmen); and the Negrids.
In the final part, the author reviews in depth the evidence on heredity and cognitive ability and reaches the measured conclusion that in certain races a greater proportion of people are capable of developing high intelligence than in others.
The last section discusses who some races had achieved civilisation and others have not. It explores the nature of civilization by using 23 criteria by which civilizations may be identified. Based on these criteria, it concludes that Mesoamerican societies were not civilizations, and that no indigenous civilizations ever arose in Africa.
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John Randal Baker (1900 - 1984) was a biologist, zoologist, and professor at the University of Oxford (where he was the Emeritus Reader in Cytology). He received his PhD at the University of Oxford in 1927. He was a co-founder of the Society for Freedom in Science, and was elected a Fellow of the Royal Society (FRSE) in 1958.Review:
"No book known to me tries to encompass everything relevant to the idea of race with such honesty . . . The idea of race and raciality has been systematically depreciated for political or genuinely humanitarian reasons, and it was high time that someone wrote about race as Baker does, i.e. in the spirit of a one-man Royal Commission." -- Sir Peter Medawar, O.M., F.R.S., Nobel laureate
"A most impressive display of profound scholarship and vast erudition of every main aspect of this important topic. Recent studies of racial differences in cognitive and behavioral characteristics have generally overlooked or belittled the biological, anatomical, physiological, and evolutionary lines of evidence which are highly germane to this discussion. Baker provides the essential basis upon which any objective, rational, and scientific discussion of racial differences must proceed." -- Arthur R. Jensen, University of California
"With Professor Baker's book we have at last a compendium of biological facts about the various groups of men-a compendium which can provide a factual basis for discussions of racial differences. -- Ren Dubos, Rockefeller University
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