***This is a 4 Volume Set*** Why a second edition of the "Encyclopedia of drugs and alcohol?" And why change the name to the "Encyclopedia of drugs, alcohol, and addictive behavior?" Consider a smattering of statistics: in 1999, 10.3 million people (4.7% of the American population) ages 12 years or older were dependent on illicit drugs or alcohol; in 1998, it was estimated that approximately 19,000 alcohol induced deaths occur annually in the United States; in 1993, it was reported that 13,984 people were killed in alcohol-related motor vehicle accidents; 3,765 of these individuals had not been drinking themselves; in 1998 16,926 deaths were attributed to drug-induced causes; in 1998, chronic liver disease and cirrhosis grant as the 10th leading cause of death in the United States; fetal alcohol syndrome affects one in every 600-750 births, and is currently the leading cause of mental retardation, beating out previous contenders such as down syndrome and spina bifida; economic cost to society related to alcohol and drug abuse projected at nearly $246 million in 1992; projections for 1995 suggests that economic costs related to alcohol and drug abuse would reach over $276 million; smokers ages 18-25 have a fourfold increased likelihood of illicit drug use compared to their non-smoking peers; smokers ages 12-17 have a sevenfold increased likelihood of illicit drug use compared to the non-smoking peers; in 2000, the United States put together an emergency aid package to Colombia, totaling $1.3 billion, intended in part to address the issues of drug trafficking between Columbia and the United States; in 1999, the annual cost for problem and pathological gambling reached $5 billion, with lifetime costs projected at $40 billion associated with decreased productivity, social service costs, and creditor losses; drugs, alcohol, and addictive behaviors have enormous ramifications on a global scale, and include political, economic, legal, social, and public health issues...
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First published in 1995 as the Encyclopedia of Drugs and Alcohol, this encyclopedia has been revised and updated to include the latest information about substance abuse and addiction. The second edition reflects the addition of material on addictive behaviors not associated with substance abuse, such as gambling and eating disorders. It also includes articles in the area of addiction studies based on the new brain-imaging techniques and human genome research.
The encyclopedia is still a multidisciplinary work with signed articles by respected scholars from international research centers. Volume one has a list of the editors and contributors and a table of contents for the entire set. The alphabetically arranged articles are two to four pages long and cover psychology, pharmacology, countries, organizations, and legal issues. Entries include specific substances (Alcohol, Cannabis sativa), diseases and conditions (Accidents and injuries from drugs, Fetal alcohol syndrome), associations (Mothers Against Drunk Driving, Students Against Destructive Decisions), countries (Bolivia, drug use in), treatments (Methadone maintenance programs), and pharmacology (Drug metabolism). Miscellaneous topics such as the history of drinking, the causes of drug abuse, employee assistance programs, crop control policies, and religion and drug use show the wide range of coverage. Bibliographies, illustrations, tables, and charts augment the text. A series of appendixes offers directories of poison control centers, state and federal government drug resources, and state-by-state treatment and prevention programs. Bureau of Justice statistics on drug-related topics and a schedule of controlled substances round out the work.
The encyclopedia is a technical work that is accessible to lay readers. It provides a wealth of information about the diverse area of drug use and addiction. Libraries that own the earlier edition will want to update because a great deal of new material has been added. An excellent resource for public, academic, and health sciences libraries. RBB
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