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Mitford, Nancy: Madame De Pompadour. A biography. With Bibliography and Index. London, Hamish Hamilton, 1954.
Guter Zustand. Einband leicht fleckig. - Jeanne-Antoinette Poisson, Marquise de Pompadour, also known as Madame de Pompadour (29 December 1721 - 15 April 1764), was a member of the French court, and was the official maitresse-en-titre of Louis XV from 1745 to 1750. Childhood and education: Jeanne-Antoinette Poisson was born on 29 December 1721 in Paris to Francois Poisson and his wife Madeleine de la Motte. However, it is suspected that her biological father was either the rich financier Paris de Montmartel or the tax collector (fermier general) Le Normant de Tournehem, who became her legal guardian when Francois Poisson, a steward to the Paris brothers-foremost financiers of the French economy-was forced to leave the country in 1725 after a scandal over a series of unpaid debts, a crime at that time punishable by death. Poisson was cleared eight years later and allowed to return to France. Her younger brother was Abel-Francois Poisson de Vandieres who would later become the marquis de Marigny. Jeanne-Antoinette was intelligent, beautiful, and refined. She spent her younger childhood at the Catholic Ursuline convent in Poissy where she received a good education. At adolescence, her mother took personal charge of her education at home by hiring teachers who taught her to recite entire plays by heart, play the clavichord, dance, sing, paint and engrave. She became an accomplished actress and singer, and also attended Paris's Club de l'Entresol (formed in 1724 and suppressed in 1731). The greatest expense of her education was undoubtedly the employment of renowned singers and actors, such as Pierre Jelyotte, much of it paid for by Le Normant de Tournehem; and it may have been this in particular that sparked rumours of his paternity to Jeanne-Antoinette. She later claimed that, at the age of nine, she was taken by her mother to a fortune teller and told that she would someday reign over the heart of a king. Apparently, her mother believed the prophecy and accordingly nicknamed her "Reinette". Marriage: Mme de Pompadour, pastel by Maurice Quentin de La Tour, shown at the Paris Salon, 1755 (Louvre Museum)In 1741, at the age of nineteen, Jeanne-Antoinette was married to Charles-Guillaume Le Normant d'Etiolles, nephew of her guardian, who accepted the match and the large financial incentives that came with it. These included the estate at Etiolles (28 km south of Paris), a wedding gift from her guardian, which was situated on the edge of the royal hunting ground of the forest of Senart. With her husband, she had two children, a boy who died the year after his birth in 1741 and Alexandrine-Jeanne (nicknamed "Fanfan"), born 10 August 1744. Contemporary opinion supported by artwork from the time considered the young Mme d'Etiolles to be quite beautiful, with her small mouth and oval face enlivened by her wit. Her young husband was soon infatuated with her and she was celebrated in the fashionable world of Paris. She founded her own salon, at Etiolles, and was joined by many of the great philosophes, Voltaire among them. Versailles: As Mme d'Etoilles became known in society, the King came to hear of her. In 1745, a group of courtiers, including her father-in-law, promoted her acquaintance with the monarch, who was still mourning the death of his second official mistress, the duchesse de Chateauroux. Jeanne-Antoinette was invited to a royal masked ball at the Palace of Versailles on the night of 25 to 26 February 1745, one of the many fetes given to celebrate the marriage of the Dauphin Louis de France (1729-1765) to the Infanta Maria Teresa of Spain (1726-1746). At the chosen moment in the Grand Ballroom, eight costumed figures appeared, dressed as topiary figures, one of which was the King in disguise (an event preserved in a watercolor by Charles Cochin). By chance or design, Jeanne-Antoinette, dressed as a shepherdess, had found her prey and soon the King removed his headdress and engaged her in courtly conversation. By March, she was the King's mistress, installed at Versailles in an apartment directly below his. On 7 May, the official separation between her and her husband was pronounced. On 24 June, after the funds had been advanced to the Crown by Paris de Montmartel, the purchase contract of the marquisate of Pompadour, with title and coat-of-arms, was signed, and Louis XV gave the estate to Jeanne-Antoinette, making her a marquise for, in order to be presented at court, she required a title. On 14 September, Jeanne-Antoinette was formally introduced to the court by the king's cousin, the princesse de Conti. She quickly mastered the highly-mannered court etiquette, although initially it is said the king joked to his close friends that he would have much to teach her (clearly referring to her bourgeois roots). Unfortunately, her mother died on Christmas Day of the same year, and did not live to see her daughter's achievement at becoming the undisputed royal mistress, who was to command considerable power and soon become embroiled in the world of politics, alliances and conspiracies. Politics: Madame de Pompadour, portrait by Francois Boucher circa 1750, detailContrary to popular belief, the marquise de Pompadour never had much direct political influence, but supported the Marechal de Belle-Isle and endorsed the duc de Choiseul to the king. However, she did wield considerable power and control behind the scenes, which was highlighted when another of the king's mistresses, Marie-Louise O'Murphy de Boisfaily, "la belle Morphyse", attempted to replace her around 1754. In 1755, the younger and less experienced Morphyse was married off to an Auvergne nobleman, Jacques de Beaufranchet, seigneur d'Ayat (Lord of Ayat) and uncle of the illustrious General Louis Desaix, who fought during the French Revolution under General Napoleon Bonaparte. Their son (1757-1812), Louis Charles Antoine de Beaufranchet, a marechal de camp, was present at the execution of Louis XVI. The marquise de Pompadour had many enemies among the royal courtiers, who felt it a disgrace that the king would thus compromise himself with a commoner. She was very sensitive to the unending libels called poissonnades, a pun on her family name, Poisson, which means "fish" in French. Only with great reluctance did Louis take punitive action against known enemies such as the duc de Richelieu. Her importance was such that she was even approached in 1755 by Wenzel Anton Graf Kaunitz, a prominent Austrian diplomat, asking her to intervene in the negotiations which led to the 1756 Treaty of Versailles. This was the beginning of the so-called Diplomatic Revolution, which temporarily lessened the long antagonism between France and Austria. This alliance eventually brought on France's participation in the Seven Years' War, with all its disasters, like the loss of New France in Canada to the British and the defeat at the hands of the Prussians in the Battle of Rossbach, in 1757. After Rossbach, she is alleged to have comforted the king saying this now famous by-word: "au reste, apres nous, le Deluge" ("After us, the Deluge"). France emerged from the war diminished and virtually bankrupt. However, Mme de Pompadour persisted in her support of these policies, and when Cardinal de Bernis failed her, she brought Choiseul into office and supported him in all his great plans: the Pacte de Famille, the suppression of the Jesuits and the Treaty of Paris (1763) sealing the loss of Canada. Britain's victories in the war had allowed it to surpass France as the leading colonial power-something which was commonly blamed on de Pompadour. Reasons for the Marquise de Pompadour's lasting influence over Louis XV. There were several reasons for the marquise de Pompadour's lasting influence over Louis that distinguished her from past mistresses. First, she decidedly established a cordial relationship with Marie Leszczynska. ...
First Impression. 275 Seiten mit vielen Abbildungen. 22 cm. Blaues Leinen mit Kopffarbschnitt.
[SW: Biographie, Lebensgeschichte, Lebensweg, Erinnerungen, Memoiren, Schilderungen, Karriere, Geschichte, Biografien Biografie, Biographien, Persönlichkeiten, Persönlichkeit, Historische Hilfswissenschaften, Geschichte, Kulturgeschichte, Book is written in english, Originalsprache, Literaturtheorie, Literaturgattungen, Literaturepochen, Französische Literatur des 18. Jahrhunderts, Literaturrezeption, Literaturgeschichte, Literaturwissenschaft, Literaturwissenschaften, Literaturrecherche, Literaturinterpretation, Literaturkanon, french france paris political, Mätresse Mätressen]
Poisson, S(imeon)-D(enis). Recherches sur la probabilite des jugements en matiere criminelle et en matiere civile. Paris, Bachelier, 1837.
Erste Ausgabe seines Hauptwerkes zur Wahrscheinlichkeitsrechnung. - Poisson (1781-1840), Schüler von Laplace, war Professor für Mathematik und Physik an der Ecole Polytechnique in Paris. Als Mathematiker arbeitete er auf vielen Gebieten, unter anderem auch auf dem der Wahrscheinlichkeitsrechnung. - Stellenweise leicht stockfleckig. Rechte obere Ecke gegen Ende mit schwachem Wasserrand. Vortitel mit kleinem Eckabriss. Einband etwas fleckig und bestoßen. Insgesamt dennoch gut erhalten. - DSB 15, 480 First edition. - "Poisson's major work on probability was a book 'Reserches sur la probabilite...', published in 1837. The book was in large part a treatise on probabilitiy theory after the manner of Laplace, with an emphasis on the behavior of means of large numbers of measurements. The latter portion dealt with the subject matter of the title. Some of this material was taken from memoirs Poisson published in the two preceeding years. Only a charitable modern reading could identify a new concept in the work; yet the book contains the germ of the two things now most commonly associated with Poisson's name. The first of these is the probability distribution now commonly called the Poisson distribution.... The second most common appearance of Poison's name in modern literature is in connection with a generalization of the Bernoulli law of large numbers" (Stigler, History of Statistics). - Lightly foxed. Mild waterstaining to last leaves. Small tear to halftitle (without loss of text). Contemporary half-calf gilt-edged, somewhat stained and bumped, else near very good
(26,5 x 20,5 cm). (4) IX (3) 415 S. Halblederband der Zeit mit dreiseitigem Goldschnitt.
GAY-LUSSAC ; ARAGO ; POISSON ; BECQUEREL ; FRESNEL ; FARADAY ; FOURIER ; Annales de Chimie et de Physique. 1825 - Volume 1 : Tome XXVIII : Second Memoire sur la Theorie du Magnetisme (Poisson) - Sur les effets electro-dynamiques produits pendant la decomposition de l'eau oxigenee par divers corps, et sur d'autres phenomenes electro-chimiques (Becquerel) - Discussion relative a la Theorie de la chaleur rayonnante (Poisson) - Extrait d'un Memoire sur la double Refraction particuliere que presente le cristal de roche dans la direction de son axe (Fresnel) - Observations sur les Mineraux pyro-electriques (Brewster) - Remarques sur la Theorie mathematique de la chaleur rayonnante (Fourier) - Sur quelques circonstances de la formation de l'ammoniaque (Faraday). Chez Crochard 1825 ; fester Einband / hard cover
Annales de Chimie et de Physique. Tome Vingt-Huitieme, contient notamment : Second Memoire sur la Theorie du Magnetisme (Poisson) - Sur les effets electro-dynamiques produits pendant la decomposition de l'eau oxigenee par divers corps, et sur d'autres phenomenes electro-chimiques (Becquerel) - Discussion relative a la Theorie de la chaleur rayonnante (Poisson) - Extrait d'un Memoire sur la double Refraction particuliere que presente le cristal de roche dans la direction de son axe (Fresnel) - Observations sur les Mineraux pyro-electriques (Brewster) - Remarques sur la Theorie mathematique de la chaleur rayonnante (Fourier) - Sur quelques circonstances de la formation de l'ammoniaque (Faraday). 1 vol. in-8 relie , rel. d'epoque demi-basane marron, Chez Crochard, Paris, 1825, 448 pp. Etat tres satisfaisant (dos leg. frotte). Contient aussi, notamment : Examen chimique d'une matiere verte qui se forme sur l'eau minerale de Vichy (Vauquelin) ; Recherches chimiques sur le mica (Rose) ; Observations sur la vegetation de la pomme de terre, consideree dans ses rapports de production de potasse et de tubercules (Mollerat) ; Memoire sur quelques-uns des phenomenes que presente l'electricite voltaique dans son passage a travers les conducteurs liquides (Aug. de La Rive) ; Examen chimiques des Eaux de Carlsbad, Teplitz et de Konigswart (Berzelius) ; Sur certains mouvements produits dans les liquides conducteurs lorsqu'ils transmettent le courant electrique (Herschel) ; Memoire sur le Lait veneneux de l'Ura crepitans (Boussingault) langue: Francais no
[SW: Editions rares Sciences Physique chimie]
Streit, Roy L. Poisson Point Processes Imaging, Tracking, and Sensing, SPRINGER, BERLIN, 100 ISBN: 1441969225
Poisson Point Processes provides an overview of non-homogeneous and multidimensional Poisson point processes and their numerous applications. Readers will find constructive mathematical tools and applications ranging from emission and transmission computed tomography to multiple target tracking and distributed sensor detection, written from an engineering perspective. A valuable discussion of the basic properties of finite random sets is included. Maximum likelihood estimation techniques are discussed for several parametric forms of the intensity function, including Gaussian sums, together with their Cramer-Rao bounds. These methods are then used to investigate:-Several medical imaging techniques, including positron emission tomography (PET), single photon emission computed tomography (SPECT), and transmission tomography (CT scans)-Various multi-target and multi-sensor tracking applications,-Practical applications in areas like distributed sensing and detection, -Related finite point processes such as marked processes, hard core processes, cluster processes, and doubly stochastic processes, Perfect for researchers, engineers and graduate students working in electrical engineering and computer science, Poisson Point Processes will prove to be an extremely valuable volume for those seeking insight into the nature of these processes and their diverse applications.
NEUBUCH! 2010. XIV, 281 p. 235 mm 240 mm x 166 mm x 25 mm