John Hunter

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Paget, S. John Hunter Man of Science and Surgeon (1728-1793) T. Fisher Unwin London 1897

[SW: C4659; History of Medicine; John Hunter; History of Medicine; John Hunter; History of Medicine; John Hunter;]


Grew, Nehemiah: Musaeum Regalis Societatis. Or a Catalogue and Description of the Natural and Artificial Rarities Belonging to the Royal Society and preserved at Gresham College.
First Edition - with the engraved portrait of Sir Daniel Colwall ( - 1690), merchant and philanthropist, and "founder" of the Royal Society, and 22 engraved plates, including one folding, depicting the natural rarities of the museum, and 9 plates devoted to 31 different stomachs and guts. - As secretary to the Royal Society, Nehemiah Grew (1641-1712) compiled this illustrated catalogue if its museum, housed then at Gresham College. "Published with the catalogue is Grew's study of the stomach organs, which is the first zoological book to have the term 'comparative anatomy' on the title-page, and also the first attempt to deal with one system of organs only by the comparative method." * - "The catalogue of the Royal Society's museum ... excels it by far in its orderly arrangement, detailed descriptions and historical data relating to the natural phenomena that form its subject matter. This museum is usually regarded as having been founded by Daniel Colwall ( -. 1690); and it is true that he made its foundation possible. He was one of the original Fellows of the Royal Society elected in 1663 and for 14 years was treasurer in which capacity he was able to save it more than once from financial collapse. It was he who in 1666 provided the money to purchase " the rareities formerly belonging to Mr. Hubbard" and so took the first step towards the formation of the museum. "Mr. Hubbard" was probably Robert Hubert alias Forges, who had a collection of "many natural rareities which he had amassed with great industry, cost and thirty years' travel in foreign countries", for many of the entries in the respective catalogues are so similar as to leave no doubt that they refer to the same specimens. Colwall entrusted the preparation of the catalogue of the Royal Society's museum to Nehemiah Grew and it was completed in 1681. He divides the collection into four main parts, specimens relating to Animals, Plants, Minerals and what he terms "Artificial Matters", that is, coins, instruments and other "manufactured" articles. One of the most interesting items to us is the one recorded on page 4: " All the principal Veins, Arteries, and Nerves, both of the Limbs and Viscera. The generous gift of John Evelyn, Esquire. He bought them at Padoa, where he saw them with great industry and exactness (according to the best method then used) taken out of the body of a Man, and very curiously spread upon four large Tables, whereon they are now preserved. The work of Fabritius Bartoletus then Veslingius's Assistant there, and afterwards Physician to the King of Poland." There is another also, described on page 31, which the College is fortunate enough to possess. This is "A Spiral or Wreathed Tusk of an Elephant. Presented from the Royal African Company by Thomas Crispe, Esq. 'Tis about an Ell long.... Whether this be naturally twisted or by art, I will not determine." On page 78 is noted "The Egg of a Swan with another within it." John Hunter had one of these curious specimens, in this case a Hen's egg, a replacement for which can be seen in the museum, generously presented by Dr. 0. C. Carter, who sacrificed his breakfast in the interests of the museum. Until the middle of the 17th century the scope of the museum was limited by the fact that the contents must be dry and so consisted of such things as shells, feathers, fossils, rocks, horns, antlers, dried and stuffed skins, sponges and bones, silngly or articulated as skeletons. Plants and flowers could be dried and the anatomist found that some animal structures could also be preserved in this way. These were of immense value for teaching, ..." - "It can well be imaginied what a revolution in museum technique occurred when the preservation of the soft tissues was made possible. William Croone, after whom the Croonian Lectures were named, at a meeting of the Fellows of the Royal Society on 28th May 1662, exhibited two puppies which he had kept in spirits of wine for eight days. Just over a year later, Robert Boyle, the distinguished physicist, published the results of his experiments which were begun at about the same time or even earlier than those of Croone; and in 1664 he too demonstrated to the Society a linnet and a small snake which had been kept for four months in spirits of wine and had shown no sign of putrefaction. These he gave to the museum and they are recorded in Grew's catalogue on pages 48 and 58, the second description being: "A young Linet which being first embowel'd, hath been preserved sound and entire, in rectified spirit of wine for the space of 17 years" (i.e. 1664-1681)." Given by the Honourable Mr. Boyl. Who, so far as I know, was the first that made trial of preserving animals in this way. An Experiment of much use. As for the preserving of all sorts of Worms, Caterpillars, and other soft Insects in their natural bulk and shape, which otherwise shrink up, so as nothing can be observed of their parts after they are dead. So also to keep the Guts or other soft parts of Animals, for often repeated Inspections. And had the Kings or Physitians of Egypt thought on't, in my Opinion, it had been a much better way of making an everlasting Mummy." The subsequent history of these specimens is distressing. - - In 1782 the collections of the Royal Society were handed over to the British Museum. Like all museums, demands upon space lead to constant rearrangement and reassessment of the contents. When the new building erected for the accommodation of John Hunter's museum in Lincoln's Inn Fields was sufficiently far advanced to set out the specimens, the British Museum authorities generously offered to hand over many of their preparations of human and comparative anatomy, and these included the Evelyn Tables and the Elephant's tusk; but they also included these very first spiritpreserved specimens of which there is now no trace." Jessie Dobson, The Place of John Hunter's Museum. Ann R Coll Surg Engl. 1963 July; 33(1): pp.32-40. - - Garrison & Morton No. 297*; Hippocrates No. 420; Cole, Comparative anatomy, pp.245-51; From Wunderkammer to Museum, 65; Osler 2840; Wellcome III, p.164; Nissen ZBI, 1714; Wing G-1952; Norman 945.

Whereunto is Subjoyned the Comparative Anatomy of Stomachs and Guts. - London, Printed by W. Rawlins, for the Author, 1681, Folio, 1 Portrait, (12), 386, (2), (4), 43 pp., 31 engraved plates, contemp. rebacked leather; fine and fresh copy.

[SW: London; Medizin; Anatomie]


Freund, John und JoAnn Heaney Hunter: Warum kirchlich heiraten? Eine Entscheidungshilfe. Freiburg, Schweiz : Paulusverl., 1990. ISBN: 3722802296
Zustand: geringe Gebrauchs- u. Lesespuren, sehr gutes Exemplar. Nach wie vor wünschen die meisten jungen Paare eine kirchliche Trauung, doch immer weniger können mit der Ehe als Sakrament etwas anfangen. Dieses Buch verdeutlicht ihnen, was für einen Unterschied die sakramentale Ehe ausmacht: sie ist Spiegel der nie endenden und vorbehaltlosen Liebe Gottes. Davon sollen die Eheleute in der Gestaltung ihres gemeinsamen Lebens Zeugnis geben. Ganz direkt, aber niemals drängend oder moralisierend werden beide Partner angesprochen und zu einer verantwortbaren, ehrlichen Entscheidung für oder gegen eine kirchliche Trauung geführt. Außerdem erhalten sie praktische Hilfen für eine gute innere Vorbereitung der Hochzeit. Mirror of God's love , John Freund ; JoAnn Heaney Hunter. [Aus d. Amerikan. übers. von Martin Werlen] ISBN 3722802296

109 S. : Ill. ; mit s/w. Abbildungen und Illustrationen, Fotos, kart.. 20 cm, Softcover/Paperback,

[SW: John Freund , JoAnn Heaney Hunter , Warum kirchlich heiraten , Entscheidungshilfe , Christliche Religion , Christen, Kirche, Heirat, Hochzeit, Kirchliche Trauung, Religion, Theologie, Philosophie, Christentum, Glaube]


Pasmore, S. John Hunter In Kensington. The Annual Hunterian Oration Delivered before the Hunterian Society at the Mansion House, London, E.C.4, on Monday 18th April 1977. Metropolis Press Ltd, London, 1979 reprint of first (journal) publication.
Reprinted from the Transactions of the Hunterian Society, Vol. XXXV/XXXV1 1976-1978. An interesting study of the 18th century physician John Hunter and his time in Kensington.

Laminated wrappers, 8vo, 36 pp, plates. Presentation inscription from author on front wrapper, which is lightly creased. Good.

[SW: HUNTER, J. bibliography bibliographies bibliographical bibliographie bibliografia wykbooks 08901 Hunter, John 1728-1793 18th century medicine surgery science Pasmore, Stephen]