Darwin Charles Title
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BONNET, Charles. Oeuvres d'histoire naturelle et de philosophie. Collection complette des oeuvres de Charles Bonnet. Neuchatel, Samuel Fauche, 1779-83.
First edition, in a very fine uniformly bound set of the highly desirable large 4to issue, of the collected scientific and philosophical writings of Charles Bonnet (1720-1793), who "is considered one of the fathers of modern biology. He is distinguished for both his experimental research and his philosophy, which exerted a profound influence upon the naturalists of the eighteenth and nineteenth centuries" (DSB II, p. 286). Charles Bonnet, a Swiss naturalist and philosophical writer, was born at Geneva, of a French family driven into Switzerland by the religious persecution in the 16th century. His first published work appeared in 1745, entitled <I>Traite d'insectologie</I>, in which were collected his various discoveries regarding insects, along with a preface on the development of germs and the scale of organized beings. Botany, particularly the leaves of plants, next attracted his attention. After several years of diligent study, rendered irksome by the increasing weakness of his eyesight, he published in 1754 one of the most original and interesting of his works,<I> Recherches sur l'usage des feuilles dans les plantes</I>; in which among other things he advances many considerations tending to show (as was later done by Francis Darwin that plants are endowed with powers of sensation and discernment. By its novelty and the spicyness of its details, the work also became popular with the general public. The author seemed to have caught nature in the act, clearly showing the relations of the plant with all surrounding elements, air, sun and soil, by which it as a living being was able to breath, to grow by nourishment, and to be fertile. But Bonnet's eyesight, which threatened to fail altogether, caused him to turn to philosophy. In 1754 his <I>Essai de psychologie</I> was published anonymously in London. This was followed by the <I>Essai analytique sur les facultes de l'ame</I> (Copenhagen, 1760), in which he develops his views regarding the physiological conditions of mental activity. He returned to physical science, but to the speculative side of it, in his <I>Considerations sur les corps organisees </I>(Amsterdam, 1762), designed to refute the theory of epigenesis, and to explain and defend the doctrine of pre-existent germs. In his <I>Contemplation de la nature</I> (Amsterdam, 1764-1765; translated into Italian, German, English and Dutch), one of his most popular and delightful works, he sets forth, in eloquent language, the theory that all the beings in nature form a gradual scale rising from lowest to highest, without any break in its continuity. His last important work was the <I>Palingenesie philosophique</I> (Geneva, 1769-1770); in it he treats of the past and future of living beings, and supports the idea of the survival of all animals, and the perfecting of their faculties in a future state.Bonnet's philosophical system may be outlined as follows. Man is a compound of two distinct substances, mind and body, the one immaterial and the other material. All knowledge originates in sensations; sensations follow (whether as physical effects or merely as sequents Bonnet will not say) vibrations in the nerves appropriate to each; and lastly, the nerves are made to vibrate by external physical stimulus. A nerve once set in motion by a particular object tends to reproduce that motion; so that when it a second time receives an impression from the same object it vibrates with less resistance. The sensation accompanying this increased flexibility in the nerve is, according to Bonnet, the condition of memory. When reflection--that is, the active element in mind--is applied to the acquisition and combination of sensations, those abstract ideas are formed which, though generally distinguished from, are thus merely sensations in combination only. That which puts the mind into activity is pleasure or pain; happiness is the end of human existence.Bonnet had an influence on other philosophers and pre-evolutionary thinkers; James Burnett, Lord Monboddo is known to have studied his publications on insects and to have been influenced as he developed concepts on progression of species (evolution).This edition of Bonnet's complete works appeared at Neuchatel in 1779-1783, partly revised by himself, in an 8vo edition in 18 vols., and this much more attractive edition in 4to (sometimes bound in 10 vols.). An English translation of certain portions of the <I>Palingenesie philosophique</I> was published in 1787, under the title <I>Philosophical and Critical Inquiries concerning Christianity</I><I>Contents:</I><U></U>Vol. 1: <I>Traite d'insectologie. Observations diveres sur les insectes</I> (1779); vol. 2:<I> Memoires d'histoire naturelle. Recherches sur l'usage des feuilles</I> (1779); vol. 3: <I>Considerations sur les corps organises</I> (1779); vol. 4: <I>Contemplation de la nature</I> (1781); vol. 5: <I>Ecrits d'histoire naturelle</I> (1781); vol. 6: <I>Essai analytique sur les facultes de l'ame</I> (1782); vol. 7: <I>La Palingenesie philosophique</I> (1783); and vol. 8: <I>Essai de psychologie et ecrits divers</I> (1783).
(Very good copy of a nicely and uniformly bound set.- (Some browning at places, wormhole in the last quires of vol. 5 (repaired), some pp. a bit soiled).
<I>DSB</I> II, p. 286-7; Garrison-Morton 308 & 472; cf. <I>Collection Plesch</I>, p. 149; A. Lemoine, <I>Charles Bonnet</I> (Paris, 1850); the<I> </I>Duc de Caraman<I>, Charles Bonnet, philosophe et naturaliste</I> (Paris, 1859); Max Offner, <I>Die Psychologie C. B.</I> (Leipzig, 1893); Joh. Speck, in: <I>Arch. f. Gesch. d. Philos x.</I> (1897), xi. (1897), pp. 58ff., xi. (1898) pp. 1-211; J Trembley, <I>Vie privee et litteraire de C. B.</I> (Bern, 1794).
8 vols. 4to. Uniformly bound in full contemporary calf, richly gilt spines with two green morocco title-labels lettered in gold, gilt border along the edges, gilt binding edges and inner dentelles, blue endpapers, g.e. With engraved vignettes on titles, many head- and end-pieces (some by Bradt), one folding and 55 full-page engraved plates, some signed by Bille and R.B... (4), XXXII, (4), 1-114, (8), 115-574, (2); (4), II, 524, (2); (4), IV, VII-XVI, 579, 2; (4), XX, 396; (4), IV, 396; (6), XXIV, 422, 215/6, 425-428; (4), II, VIII, 698; (4), XIV, 509 pp.
[SW: 18th Century; Zoology; Philosophy; Switzerland; Natural History]
Darwin,Charles. Voyage d'un Naturaliste autour du Monde fait 1a bord du navire le Beagle de 1831 a 1836.
Paris: C.Reinwald, 1875. VIII,552 pp.10 text- Ills. Or.cloth, corners very slightly worn. - Owner's name on french title-page, stamp on title-page & some light foxing, inner-joint sl. cracked. *Overall a good copy. - First French edition.
[SW: Evolution Evolutie]
KAIBARA, Ekiken.. ONNA DAIGAKU TAKARA BAKO: GREAT TREASURY OF LEARNING FOR WOMEN. Together with:.
A CLASSIC WORK BY THE ORTHODOX CONFUCIAN MORALIST An historically important work on women and women's rights in Japan from the 17th century. Documenting the life, habits, learning and essentials for female social life norms as based on traditional rules. * Each page consists of some form of important lesson & learn- ing for women and girls. Also, by using the Hyakunin Isshu as an example, the text explains the proper attitude and conduct for the women of contemporary Japan. * Beautifully printed on hand-made Washi paper and woodcut illustrated and printed by hand. With one or two illustrat- ions on each page. Handsome illustrated text renders this a valuable original and grand record of women's classic learning. * The Tale of Genji [ie: Genji Monogatari] is also illustrated and cited as examples of proper feminine conduct. The author was the celebrated Kaibara [1630-1714] who was a respected & famous moralist and philosopher. In this work, he extols the Confucian virtues and precepts as they apply to women together with other admonitions of the Samurai class. Women along with men were expected to follow Bushido [The Way of the Samurai] in their conduct, which prescribed ritual Seppuku [aka Harakiri or self-embowelment] for breaches of socially accepted norms of conduct. * This work was the most popular of all his many books and was for two centuries considered an essential part of any bride's trousseau. * INCLUDED WITH THIS JAPANESE WORK, IS THE BELOW REFERENCE IN ENGLISH: See Takaishi below. This reference is the first and only Western language translation of ONNA DAIGAKU and the first of its kind to be done in English. The London 1914 edition of the English translation of ONNA DAIGAKU, with title page reading: WOMEN AND WISDOM OF JAPAN. This keen insight covers the following chapter headings, now translated into English for the first time: [cover has small stain else clean]: - GIRL'S INSTRUCTION DEMARKATION BETWEEN THE SEXES "SEVEN REASONS FOR DIVORCE" THE WIFE'S MISCELLANEOUS DUTIES TREATMENT OF SERVANTS THE INFIRMITIES OF WOMAN -Appendices: A. THE JAPANESE REVOLUTION B. THE LEGAL CONDITIONS FOR A DIVORCE. * A wonderful example of girl's learning for the 17-18th centuries. Profusely illustrated, nicely done Japanese text. * ABOUT KAIBARA: Kaibara Ekken or Ekiken, also known as Atsunobu, [1630-1714] was a Japanese Neo-Confucianist philosopher and botanist during the Edo Period of the 16th century of Japan. * Ekken was destined to introduce two great innovations towards the Tokugawa shogunate. One of such was the systematic study of nature based on Neo-Confucianism, which was the beginning of the empirical science in Japan. Ekken's second innovation was to translate the abstruse and forbidding philosophy of Confucianism and Neo-Confucianism into the language of the ordinary Japanese. * Ekken's science was confined to Biology and focused on the "natural law". Ekken became as famous in Japan as people such as Charles Darwin when it came to Science. Ekken was known for his manuals of behavior, such as changing his Confucian ethical system based on the teachings of Chu Hsi into an easy "self-help" manuals, such as Precepts for Children and Greater Learning for Women. The textbook of Neo-Confucianism was then known as The Great Learning. Ekken's main goal in life was to make sure that that book was known throughout Japan. This project more than any other accomplishment incorporated Neo-Confucianism into the very fiber of Japanese culture * REFERENCES: * Carmen Blacker: THE JAPANESE ENLIGHTENMENT: A Study of the Writings of Fukuzawa Yukichi pp. 11, 79-84. * Shingoro Takaishi : WOMEN AND WISDOM OF JAPAN. This small but excellent resource offers an English translation of title with commentaries about Kaibara Ekiken. Based on Prof. Basil Hall Chamberlain's English translation. * Basil H. Chamberlain: THINGS JAPANESE. See his translation of this title here. * Color scans can be sent by email. * Images displayed may not be the actual copy in stock for sale at any given time; if you want to see the exact image of the book or edition in stock, please request this by email and an image will be returned to you by attachment. * * * BUY WITH * * * * SHIPPING: WE SHIP WORLD WIDE * * * * * The shipping costs displayed for our books on ZVAB are ONLY AN ESTIMATE !!! * ACTUAL costs are based book weight, destination and value. * We will inform you of shipping costs and options once you select the book. **FOREIGN: We usually ship by registered/insured airmail to customers abroad. **DOMESTIC: We ship to USA customers by UPS/FEDEX or U.S. MAIL, appropriate insurance/registry and signature required will appply. ***** Please inquire if you have any questions regarding shipping or payments .
[Edo 1863, Naniwa]. Blue covers, stitched, very good, 117 double page b.w. woodcut plates, complete in one volume, Japanese text, hand printed on Washi paper, 18 x 25.5 cm., together with the English translation of London 1914. SCARCE
SEWARD, ANNA: Memoir of the life of Dr Darwin, chiefly during his residence at Lichfield with anecdotes of his friends and criticisms of his writing, J Johnson London 1804
Erasmus Darwin - grandfather of Charles / half-leather binding with marbled covers / four free endpapers at beginning and six at the back of the book have newspaper cutting glued to them - book reviews / newspaper articles about the subject and the page opposite the title page has tidy handwriting cover full page / there is a name inscription on title page / book is solid clean and tight / cover has rubbing on all edges and corners but is ow solid and tight
Hardback 1st Edition 430pp Condition: Good/ No dustwrapper