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India is a constitutional democracy. The Constituent Assembly of India was elected to draft the Constitution of India. It worked as a first parliament for independent India. The Constitution of India, drafted from sources like Government of India Act, 1955, the British Constitution, American Constitution, Canadian Constitution and Irish Constitution among others, is based on justice, liberty, equality and fraternity as mentioned in the Preamble. The Constitution provides for a Parliamentary form of government which is federal in character with certain unitary features. At the centre, there are two houses of Parliament?Lok Sabha, which is the popular house, and Rajya Sabha, which is the upper house. The Constitution provides that there shall be a Council of Ministers with the Prime Minister as its head to aid and advise the President, who shall exercise his/her, functions in accordance with the advice. The real executive power is thus vested in the Council of Ministers with the Prime Minister as its head. The Council of Ministers is collectively responsible to the House of the People (Lok Sabha). The President is the executive head of the state. The Constitution rests all the executive powers of the Union Government in him. The President is also the formal head of all the three branches of Indian democracy?legislative, executive and judiciary. The state government in India is bicameral in six states and unicameral in the rest. In a state with a bicameral legislature, the lower house is called the Legislative Assembly or Vidhan Sabha, and upper house is the Legislative Council or Vidhan Parishad. The Chief Minister is the elected head of government of state in India. India has an independent judiciary. The fundamental source of law in India is the Constitution, which gives due recognition to statutes, case law and study law, consistent with the dispensation of justice. The book gives a complete, accurate, objective and balanced description of the Constitution and Government of India, covering all the pertinent topics. It is based on the syllabus of B.A. Political Science prescribed in Delhi University. But since the topics of Political Science at graduation level are the same everywhere, the book will also be useful for students of the subject in all the universities in India, including open universities. In addition, the book will also meet the requirements of those preparing for Civil Services exam with Political Science as an optional subject. Contents : Preface?1. Formation of Constituent Assembly?Origin, Composition, Drafting Committee, Nature of Constituent Assembly?2. Indian Constitution?Making of the Constitution, Sources of Indian Constitution, Philosophy of the Constitution, Features of our Constitution, Articles of the Constitution, Schedules of the Constitution, Amendments?3. Fundamental Rights and Directive Principles?Fundamental Rights, Fundamental Duties, Directive Principles, Inter-relation between Fundamental Rights and Directive Principles?4. Indian Parliament?Lok Sabha, Rajya Sabha, Women?s Participation in Parliament?5. Role of the President?Powers of the President, Position of the President, Vice-President?6. Prime Minister and His Position?Power and Function of the Prime Minister, Position of the Prime Minister, Council of Ministers?7. Governor and the Chief Minister?Powers and Functions of the Governor, Position of the Governor, The Chief Minister?8. Indian Judiciary?The Supreme Court, Appointment of Judges, The High Court, Public Interest Litigation?9. Indian Federalism?Legislative Relations, Administrative Relations, Financial Relations, Part A: General, Part B: Administration and Control of Scheduled Areas and Scheduled Tribes, Part C: Scheduled Areas, Part D: Amendment of the Schedule, The Sarkaria Commission?1. Panchayati Raj in India?History of Panchayats in India, Panchaya Printed Pages: 328. Buchnummer des Verkäufers 70230
Titel: Constitutional Democracy and Government in ...
Verlag: Atlantic Publishers & Distributors (P) Ltd.
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