Lexicon of Arms and Armor from Iran: A Study of Symbols and Terminology

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9783932942310: Lexicon of Arms and Armor from Iran: A Study of Symbols and Terminology
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Moshtagh Khorasani, Manouchehr
Verlag: Legat- Verlag Sep 2010 (2010)
ISBN 10: 3932942310 ISBN 13: 9783932942310
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Buchbeschreibung Legat- Verlag Sep 2010, 2010. Buch. Buchzustand: Neu. 248x175x43 mm. Neuware - The Lexicon of Arms and Armor from Iran: A Study of Symbols and Terminology is the first lexicon in its field which is specially dedicated to a thorough analysis of arms and armor. The author Dr. Manouchehr Moshtagh Khorasani was awarded the World Prize for the Book of the Year of the Islamic Republic of Iran in the field of Iranian Studies in February 2009. Over 5,700 entries, every entry has the original script of each related term All sources are identified accordingly in each entry Based on numerous Persian manuscripts and primary references All major types of the Persian language are taken into consideration: Old Persian, Avestan, Middle Persian and New Persian Exceptional catalog with over 350 color illustrations of 60 artifacts in the Cultural Institute ofBonyadand selected private collections Over 5,700 entries With over 5,700 entries, the book Lexicon of Arms and Armor from Iran: A Study of Symbols and Terminology provides a sound and solid base of terminology of arms and armor in Persian so that military historians, historians, museum curators, researchers and collectors and also people interested in reading historical accounts and epic stories would be able to understand and use the appropriate terms related to each certain type of weapons. Persian culture and civilization is a fascinating old culture. Therefore, all major types of the Persian language are taken into consideration, namely, the Avestan, the Old Persian, the Middle Persian (Pahlavi), and the New Persian. Next to each entry which is written in its phonetic alphabet, the original script is provided as well. Therefore, there are four different phonetic alphabets provided for each type of script. Next to each entry, after the phonetic alphabet and original script, the type of Persian language is identified as (Avesta), (Old Persian), (Middle Persian/Pahlavi) or (New Persian). Additionally, Karname-ye ArdeSir Babakan [The War Treatise of ArdeSir Babakan] is identified as a source for some entries in the Middle Persian as (Karname-ye ArdeSir Babakan, Middle Persian/Pahlavi). Sources in New Persian are identified individually as well after the phonetic alphabet and the original script, such as (sahname). Over ninety primary sources in New Persian were consulted to search for arms-and-armor-related words among them the sahname, Eskandarname and different types of Zafarname. Further, due to their importance for this research, three manuscripts in Arabic were consulted that were written by Persian scholars. These include Alboldan by Abubakr Ahmad ben Mohammad ben Eshaq Hamedani, Ahsan al-Taqasim fi Ma'refat-e al-Qalim by samsoldin Abu Abdollah Mohammad ben Ahmad ben Ababakr sami Moqadasi, and Al-Jamahir fi Marefat al-Jawaher by Abu Reihan Beyruni. A phonetic alphabet is provided separately for the Avestan, the Old Persian, the Middle Persian, and the New Persian. A combined table of different phonetic alphabets in alphabetical order is also provided so that a search for a certain word can be done easily. Some suras from the holy Qur'an are also taken into consideration as these suras written in Arabic are used as gold-inlaid or gold-overlaid inscriptions on a number of Persian arms and armor. Categories of words and expressions The lexicon provides the following categories of words and expressions: a) all types of offensive weapons, such as swords, maces, b) all types of defensive weapons, such as shields, armor, c) techniques employed by each weapon, such as striking the top of the head with a sword, d) forging techniques, materials used in making crucible steel cakes and forging, and terms related to watered steel, e) different types of horses because horses were used by the cavalry in the battle, f) all horse-related equipment, such as harness, g) siege weapons, such as catapult, h) other types of animals used on the battlefield, such as elephants and camels, i) terms related to the warrior codex of javanmardi, j) terms related to the traditional P. Artikel-Nr. 9783932942310

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