Aspects of Americanization in 1920s and 1930s

9783638643733: Aspects of Americanization in 1920s and 1930s
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Scholarly Paper (Advanced Seminar) aus dem Jahr 2002 im Fachbereich Amerikanistik - Kultur und Landeskunde, einseitig bedruckt, Note: 1,7 (A-), Technische Universität Dresden (American Studies), 28 Eintragungen im Literaturverzeichnis, Sprache: Englisch, Abstract: Although the Wilhelmian Reich seemed to be relatively stable, political forces and events finally led to the catastrophe of the first World War with its devastating consequences for Europe and especially for Germany, which not only lost part of its territory, but also its political and economical power through the Treaty of Versailles. This state of affairs left an unstable country, in which the public mind increasingly began to look overseas towards an America that showed a solution for most of its economic, social, or political problems. It is true, of course, that Germans had felt the American influence before. However, the peak of this America-boom, whether American friendly or Anti-American, was reached in the Weimar Republic, where a fierce debate on an ambiguous America picture took place. While European countries mainly stumbled from one bloody conflict to another, America further developed its technology and at the same time its main sociological ideas. Inventors and scientists strived to set up working systems that could make work and life more efficient. Electrification was the charming word of the day, and when Samuel Insull took over Edison's Commonwealth Edison of Chicago, one of the most powerful and complex systems, both economically and technologically, was set up. This is probably the place where Henry Ford picked up his ideas, and using the Principles of Scientific Management by Frederick Winslow Taylor, he founded another powerful economic system, which soon should become a symbol for modernism all over the world: the Ford Company. There also was a strong cultural notion in the influence that America had on European countries. Although America and its systems were usually referred to a

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